The Esophagus and Stomach

  • John T. Cunningham


The approach to upper gastrointestinal disease during pregnancy presents some unique problems in that pregnancy itself produces certain physiological changes that may increase or decrease the incidence of some disorders, although others are unaffected. The presence of the fetus and its gestational age have a profound influence on the diagnostic and therapeutic options that are available. Individual risk: benefit ratios must be assessed, although very little or no objective data exist as to the safety or efficacy of these agents or procedures in pregnancy.


Duodenal Ulcer Lower Esophageal Sphincter Esophageal Varix Lower Esophageal Sphincter Pressure Hyperemesis Gravidarum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1985

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  • John T. Cunningham

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