Older Workers: Force of the Future?

  • Cynthia Taeuber
Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 24)


Thirty years ago, half of all elderly (65 years and over) men in the United States worked. Today, less than a fifth do. Among elderly women, there has been little change: 10 percent were in the labor force in 1950 and about 8 percent were in 1981. The labor force participation of older men 55 to 64 years dropped also but women between the ages of 55 and 64 increasingly joined the labor force, from just over a fourth in 1950 to 42 percent today.


Labor Force Social Security Labor Force Participation Work Disability Pension Plan 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Dean Morse, The Utilization of Older Workers, Special Report No. 33, National Commission for Manpower Policy, Washington, D. C., 1979.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment and Earnings for January 1961, 1971, and 1982.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Employment and Training Report to the President, 1981, Table A-25t p. 158.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Malcolm H. Morrison, Department of Labor, National Studies of Mandatory Retirement, “The Aging of the U. S. Population: Human Resources Implications,” Monthly Labor Review, May 1983, pp. 13–19.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, unpublished data, November 1982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. J. Mincer and H. Ofek., Interrupted Work Careers: Depreciation and Restoration of Human Capital, Journal of Human Resources,, vol. 17, Winter 1982, pp. 1–24.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, unpublished data, November 1982.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    James R. Storey and Gary Hendricks, Retirement Income Issues in an Aging Society, The Urban Institute, Washington, D.C., 1979.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Philip L. Rones, “The Labor Market Problems of Older Workers,” Monthly Labor Review, May 1983, pp. 3–12.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Herbert S. Parnes, Mary G. Gagen, and Randall H. King, “Job Loss Among Long Service Workers,” in Herbert S., Parnes, ed., Work and Retirement: A Longitudinal Survey of Men (Cambridge, Mass, MIT Press), 1981, pp. 65–92Google Scholar
  11. Dean W. Morse, Anna B. Dutka Susan H. Gray, “Retirement Experience of Non-Supervisory Personnel: A Study of Three Large Corporations,” draft final report, (New York, Columbia University, Conservation of Human Resources ), 1981.Google Scholar
  12. 11.
    Rones, op, cit., p.8.Google Scholar
  13. 12.
    In 1980, one-fifth of all employment in professional, technical, and clerical occupations was part-time.Google Scholar
  14. 13.
    National Commission on Social Security, Social Security in America’s Future, Washington, D. C., 1981.Google Scholar
  15. 14.
    Ibid., p.126.Google Scholar
  16. 15.
    Ibid., p.331.Google Scholar
  17. 16.
    Jacob Feldman, “Work Ability of the Aged Under Conditions of Improving Mortality,” Statement before the National Commission on Social Security Reform, June 21, 1982, p. 2.Google Scholar
  18. 17.
    Feldman is the Associate Director for Analysis and Epidemiology, National Center for Health Statistics, Department of Health and Human Services.Google Scholar
  19. 18.
    Feldman, op, cit., pp.2–4, 8.Google Scholar
  20. 19.
    Ibid., p.8.Google Scholar
  21. 20.
    Ibid., pp.4–7.Google Scholar
  22. 21.
    J.F. Fries, “Aging, Natural Death, and the Compression of Morbidity,” New England Journal of Medicine, July 17, 1980, 303, pp. 130–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lois M. Verbrugge, “Longer Life But Worsening Health? Trends in Health and Mortality of Middle-Aged and Older Persons,” paper presented at the Population Association of America, Pittsbugh, Pa., April 1983.Google Scholar
  24. 22.
    Feldman, op, cit., pp.9–11. 23. Ibid., p.7.Google Scholar
  25. 24.
    Lawrence Olson and others, The Elderly and the Future Economy, (Lexington, Mass., Lexington Books ), 1981.Google Scholar
  26. 25.
    Morrison, op, cit., pp.16-19; and Kahl, op, cit., p.13.Google Scholar
  27. 26.
    James H. Schultz, The Economics of Aging, 2d ed., Wadsworth Publishing Company, Inc., Belmont, California, 1980.Google Scholar
  28. 27.
    Rones, op, cit., p.10.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cynthia Taeuber
    • 1
  1. 1.Population DivisionBureau of the CensusWashington, DCUSA

Personalised recommendations