Conceptualizing the Division of Household Labor
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It is now more than 20 years since our attention was first directed to the “problem that has no name” (Friedan, 1963). In the decades that followed, a great many people—among them a number of social scientists—embarked on a search for the “right” name for the “wrongs” of women. Along the way, we “discovered” women’s growing labor force participation and its concomitant occupational sex segregation (e.g., Gross, 1968; Bo wen and Finegan, 1969); male/female wage differentials and sex discrimination (e.g., Mincer, 1962; Cain, 1966); the tyranny of biological, psychological, and medical labels for women’s complaints (e.g., Chesler, 1972; Ehrenreich and English, 1978; Smith and David, 1975); violence against women as more than perverted “love” (e.g., Millett, 1970; Brownmiller, 1975; Griffin, 1979; Walker, 1979); and most recently, male dominance in the everyday business of communication (e.g., Fishman, 1978; Zimmerman and West, 1975; West, 1982). The list goes on, with the manifestations of the “problem” stretching across class, culture, and social setting.
KeywordsHousehold Member Shadow Price Household Production Household Labor Household Work
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