Psychiatry pp 533-538 | Cite as

Psychiatric Problems of Finnish Conscripts

  • Matti Ponteva

Abstract

The proportion of psychiatric disorders of all causes for medical exemption or postponement during the conscript service had remained at quite a stable level until the end of the 1960 s (1–2). At the same time, however, demands for more extensive psychiatric services had distinctly increased in the society. The public attitude in regard to mental problems had begun to change as well: more and more people were ready to accept the concept of a minor psychiatric symptom as such instead of a shameful component in a psychosomatic or rather purely somatic illness. The earlier fairly positive attitude of young people to armed conscript service was also altering as a consequence of new ideas from the other parts of Europe. Thus there were several general reasons to presume that the occurrence and expression of conscripts psychiatric problems would markedly increase in the beginning of the 1970’s.

Keywords

Europe 

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References

  1. 1.
    Medical statistics from the Medical Section at the General Headquarters, Helsinki 1961–1982Google Scholar
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    Piha, J.: Msntal Disorders Curing Compulsory Military Service. An Approach Based on the Crisis Theory. Psychiatria Fennica 1979: 103–109Google Scholar
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    Ponteva, M.: Aspects on the suicides of conscripts in the Finnish Defense Forces. In the book: “Suicide Research IIfl by Yrjo Jahnsson Foundation, Helsinki 1983 (in press)Google Scholar
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    Sund, A.: Psykiatriske lidelser innen militaermedisinen i Norge. In the book: Nordisk Militaermedicinsk Forenings XVIII Kongres i København den 11–14. juni 1981, Rapport, Vedbaek 1983, pages 106–122Google Scholar
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    Otto,U.: Function of Male Youths during Military Service. Acta Psychiat Scand 1980: 61: Suppl.282Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matti Ponteva
    • 1
  1. 1.Medical SectionThe General Headquarters of Finnish Defense ForcesHelsinki 10Finland

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