Suspense Increases Salivary Cortisol

  • D. H. Hellhammer
  • K. Röttgerl
  • J. Lorenzen
  • W. Hubert
Part of the Topics in the Neurosciences book series (TNSC, volume 2)

Abstract

The pathological relevance of endocrine responses to stressful experiences is purely understood. This present lack of knowledge can be partly attributed to methodological difficulties, e.g. taking blood samples under laboratory conditions and limits to obtain samples continuously and in sufficient amounts. However, recent developments of highly sensitive radioimmunoassays (R1A) allow assessment of hormones in saliva. This method has the following advantages: (1) Saliva samples are easily and repeatedly obtainable by the subject himself; (1) saliva sampling does not demand stressful venipuncture; (2) sampling does not require the presence of laboratory equipment and personnel; (4) salivary hormones seem to represent the free and biological active steroid fraction which is available to target tissues. These advantages give a promising prospectus for clinical psychoendocrinology.

Keywords

Cortisol Testosterone Stim 

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References

  1. 1.
    Hellhammer D.H., Hubert W., Schurmeyer T: Immediate changes of testosterone in saliva after psychological stimulation, Psychoneuroendocrin., in press.Google Scholar
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    Mason J.: A review of psychoendocrine research on the pituitary-adrenal cortical system, Psychosom. Med. 30:576–607, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Huppmann G. and Hellhammer D.H.: Aspekte der Angst-Furcht Differenzierung, Zeitschr. Klin. Psychol. Psychoth. 26:115–127, 1978.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Matinus Nijhoff Publishing, Boston 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. H. Hellhammer
    • 1
  • K. Röttgerl
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. Lorenzen
    • 1
  • W. Hubert
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of PsychologyUniversity of MunsterF.R. Germany
  2. 2.Institute of JournalismUniversity of MunsterF.R. Germany

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