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Cyst Nematodes pp 451-459 | Cite as

Quarantine and Legislation

  • Charles E. Taylor
Part of the Nato ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 121)

Abstract

Almost all countries have statutory regulations which restrict the entry of plants, plant products and commodities. Their aim is to protect agriculture and the environment from avoidable damage by pests and diseases that may be introduced by man. Although many pests and diseases, including nematodes, are widespread they have not necessarily reached the potential of their biological distribution and may be absent from a country or geographical zone. Plant quarantine regulations therefore provide the means of delaying, if not preventing, their introduction. A country such as Australia can impose particularly stringent regulations because it is self-sufficient in the majority of agricultural products (Morschel, 1971) and has the advantage of being isolated by the sea from other land masses. The surrounding sea combined with a national policy of isolation during the Tokugawa era (1639-1859) provided an effective quarantine for Japan but then the development and expansion of international trading resulted in the introduction of several pests and diseases that were a threat to agricultural production e.g. woolly aphid, arrowhead scale and bacterial crown gall (Anon, 1975). The virtually unrestricted transport of plants and agricultural produce led to phytosanitary problems in many countries throughout the world, the response to which was usually the introduction of legislation to deal with a particular problem, although often embodied in a broadly based statute.

Keywords

Cyst Nematode Potato Cyst Nematode Plant Quarantine Golden Nematode Beet Cyst Nematode 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles E. Taylor
    • 1
  1. 1.Scottish Crop Research InstituteDundeeScotland

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