Estimation of Multimedia Exposures Related To Hazardous Waste Facilities
Soil contamination often results from improper land disposal, storage, treatment, and spills of hazardous waste in liquid or solid form. In order to properly address the levels of pollutants up to which contaminated soil needs to be cleaned, it is necessary to estimate the magnitude of human exposure for each likely exposure pathway. The procedure developed in this paper for estimating the level of pollutant cleanup from soil relates to 1) identification of exposure pathways, 2) exposure assessment to estimate pollutant intakes by humans from each pathway, and 3) the use of health effects data to estimate the acceptable exposure levels.
KeywordsEmission Rate Contaminant Concentration Exposure Pathway Cover Material Dermal Contact
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Binder, S., 1985, “Estimating the Amount of Soil Ingested by Young Children Through Trace Elements,” Report by the Centers for Disease Control.Google Scholar
- Bruce, D.B., 1%9, “Workshop of Atmospheric Dispersion Estimates,” U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Pub. No.: 999-AP-26.Google Scholar
- Crank, J., 1985, “The Mathematics of Diffusion,” Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
- DuPont, R.R., (November, 1985 ), Evaluation of air emissions release rate model predictions of hazardous organics from land treatment facilities, Presented at the 1985 Annual AIChE Meeting, Chicago, IL.Google Scholar
- Farmer, W.J., Yang, M.-S., Letey, J., and Spencer, W.F., 1980, “Land Disposal of Hexachlorobenzene Wastes,” EPA-600/2-80-119, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH.Google Scholar
- Hwang, S.T., 1985, Assessing exposure to groundwater contaminants migrated from hazardous waste facilities, in: “Proceedings, Conference on Management of Uncontrolled Hazardous Waste Sites,” Cincinnati, OH.Google Scholar
- Snyder, W.S., 1975, “Report of the Task Group on Reference Man. International Commission of Radiological Protection No. 23,” Pergamon Press, New York, NY.Google Scholar
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1980, “Attenuation of Water-Soluble Polychlorinated Biphenyls by Earth Materials,” EPA-600/2-80-027, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1984, “Risk Analysis of TCDD-Contami- nated Soil.” EPA-600/8-84-031, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
- Veith, G.D., 1980, An evaluation of using partition coefficients and water solubility to estimate bioconcentration factors for organic chemicals in fish, J. Fish. Res. Board Can.Google Scholar
- Wark, K., and Warner, C.F., 1981, “Air Pollution: Its Origin and Control,” Harper and Row, New York, NY.Google Scholar