Estimation of Multimedia Exposures Related To Hazardous Waste Facilities

  • Seong T. Hwang
  • James W. Falco


Soil contamination often results from improper land disposal, storage, treatment, and spills of hazardous waste in liquid or solid form. In order to properly address the levels of pollutants up to which contaminated soil needs to be cleaned, it is necessary to estimate the magnitude of human exposure for each likely exposure pathway. The procedure developed in this paper for estimating the level of pollutant cleanup from soil relates to 1) identification of exposure pathways, 2) exposure assessment to estimate pollutant intakes by humans from each pathway, and 3) the use of health effects data to estimate the acceptable exposure levels.


Emission Rate Contaminant Concentration Exposure Pathway Cover Material Dermal Contact 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seong T. Hwang
    • 1
  • James W. Falco
    • 1
  1. 1.Exposure Assessment GroupU.S. Environmental Protection AgencyWashingtonUSA

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