The Marking Behavior of Male Przewalski’s Horses

  • Lee Boyd
  • Lonnie Kasman


At the time of their discovery in 1878, the distribution of Przewalski’s horses (Equus przewalskii) was restricted to Mongolia, although they may once have ranged more widely (Mohr, 1971). Currently, Przewalski’s horses are extinct in the wild; the world population of 600 animals exists wholly in zoos and all of these animals are descended from 13 founders. Przewalski’s horses may be the ancestors of domestic horses (E. caballus), with whom they are cross-fertile. Like domestic horses they have a non-territorial harem social organization. The breeding season is from March through July, and the gestation period is 11 months.


Breeding Season Domestic Horse Wild Horse Feral Horse Attractive Odor 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lee Boyd
    • 1
  • Lonnie Kasman
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyCornell UniversityIthacaUSA
  2. 2.Research DepartmentSan Diego ZooSan DiegoUSA

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