The Development of Cryosurgical Instruments for Internal Medicine

  • J. D. Montmayeur
  • P. Le Pivert
  • J. Verdier
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 31)


New types of cryoprobes have been developed for the cryodestruction of varicose veins and internal lesions such as bronchial, gastric, colonic tumors or oesophageal tumors or varices. These probes can be introduced inside the operative channels of commercially available endoscopes dues to their small diameter (2 or 3 mm) and flexibility. The operating principle is J.-T.expansion of nitrous oxyde inside the tip of the probe where a heat exchanger and self controled flow to avoid cooling down of the feeder. Furthermore the probes are designed for monitoring the size of the frozen area by means of the bioelectrical low frequency impedance method which is essential for correct use and standardisation of the procedure. The probes are described and examples are given of the field of application.


Heat Exchanger Varicose Vein Flexible Probe Oesophageal Tumor Freeze Area 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. D. Montmayeur
    • 1
  • P. Le Pivert
    • 2
  • J. Verdier
    • 3
  1. 1.Société de Développement et d’Application des Techniques de l’EnergieLa Motte d’AveillansFrance
  2. 2.Unité de Recherche Cryochirurgicale et d’Instrumentation BiomédicaleNiceFrance
  3. 3.Service des Basses TempératuresCentre d’Etudes NucléairesGrenobleFrance

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