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Neuropsychological Aspects of Cerebrovascular Disease and its Treatment

  • R. A. Bornstein
Part of the Advances in Clinical Neuropsychology book series (AICN, volume 3)

Abstract

Cerebrovascular disease is a major cause of death in developed countries (Wylie, 1972; Wolf et al., 1977). Furthermore, many patients who survive their strokes are left with significant physical or psychological deficits (Gresham et al., 1979) at considerable personal and economic cost (Hartunian, Smarth and Thompson, 1980). The prevalence of cerebrovascular disease, and the high incidence of significant neurobehavioral deficit often results in these patients being referred for neuropsychological examination. In some settings they represent a major portion of the referral base, and patients with cerebrovascular disease have assumed a major role in the development of our understanding of basic brain-behavior relationships (e.g., aphasia). One expression of the importance of cerebrovascular disease in the development of the field of clinical neuropsychology is that one of the earliest thematic volumes was devoted to this group of diseases (Benton, 1970). In recent years there has been a continuing interest in a number of issues related to neuropsychological factors in cerebrovascular disease. Although early studies documented the type of neurobehavioral deficit in cerebrovascular disease (Reitan and Fitzhugh, 1972; Reitan, 1964, 1970; Meier, 1970), more recent studies have begun to pursue a variety of more precise and carefully defined questions related to specific types of behavioral deficit, or to determine deficits related to specific arterial distributions or specific subgroups of vascular disease patients.

Keywords

Cerebral Blood Flow Cerebrovascular Disease Carotid Endarterectomy Moya Moya Disease Superficial Temporal Artery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. A. Bornstein
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryOhio State University College of MedicineColumbusUSA

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