Characterization of Chitin Derivatives by Pyrolysis - Gas Chromatography

  • D. H. Davies
  • E. R. Hayes
  • G. S. Lal

Abstract

The development of chitin chemistry has been hampered by the lack of convenient analytical techniques for the chitin family of polymers. Desirable features of appropriate techniques are sensitivity to structural variations, simplicity, speed, and low cost. The characterization of chitin and its derivatives by analytical pyrolysis has been investigated as the technique which appears to satisfy these requirements.

Keywords

Cellulose Chitosan Polysaccharide Pyrolysis Hydrochloride 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    H. L. C. Meuzelaar, P. G. Kistemaker and P. G. Posthumus, Recentadvances in pyrolysis mass spectrometry of complex biological materials, Biomed. Mass Spectrum. 1 (1974).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. C. M. Weijman, The application of curie point pyrolysis mass spectrometry in fungal taxonomy, in: “Analytical Pyrolysis”, C. A. Jones and C. A. Cramers, eds., Elsevier, Amsterdam (1972).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    E. R. Hayes and D. H. Davies, Characterization of chitosan, II: The determination of the degree of acetylation of chitosan and chitin, in: “Proceedings of the First International Conference on Chitin/Chitosan”, R. A. A. Muzzarelli and E. R. Pariser, eds., MIT Sea Grant Program Cambridge (1978).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Mattai and E. R. Hayes, Characterization of chitin by pyrolysis mass spectrometry, J, Anal, and Appl, Pyrolysis, 3: 327 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. S. Lai and E. R. Hayes, Determination of the amine content of chitosan by pyrolysis-gas chromatography, J. Anal, and Appl. Pyrolysis, 6: 183 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    W. S. Schlotzhauer, O. T. Chontyrk and P. R. Austin, Pyrolysis of Chitin. A potential tobacco extender, J. Agric. Food Chem., 24: 177 (1976).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. van der Kaaden, J. J. Boon, J. W. de Leeuw, F. de Lange, P. J. W. Schuyl, H. R. Schulten and U. Bahr, Comparison of analytical pyrolysis techniques in the characterization of chitin, Anal. Chem., 56: 2160 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. A. Liebman, T. P. Wampler and E. J. Levy, Developments in pyrolysis capillary GC, High Res. Chrom. & Chrom. Comm., 1: 172 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    T. Fujita, Japan Patent, 7, 013, 599 (1970).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    G. W. Rigby, U.S. Patent, 2, 072, 771 (1936).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    F. Shafizadeh and Y. L. Fu, Pyrolysis of cellulose, Carbohydr. Res., 29: 110 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. H. Davies
    • 1
  • E. R. Hayes
    • 2
  • G. S. Lal
    • 3
  1. 1.Chemistry Dept.Saint Mary’s UniversityHalifaxCanada
  2. 2.Chemistry Dept.Acadia UniversityWolfvilleCanada
  3. 3.Chemistry Dept.Virginia Polytechnic and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA

Personalised recommendations