Hippocampal Pyramidal Cells: Ionic Conductance and Synaptic Interactions
The burst firing pattern of the hippocampal pyramidal cells was first described by Kandel and Spencer in their intracellular studies using the in vivo cat preparation (Kandel and Spencer, 1961). Subsequently, the ionic basis for action potential generation in the hippocampal pyramidal cells has been extensively studied in the hippocampal slice. Data derived from the in vitro preparation also demonstrated that the bursting pattern provided a basis for the generation of synchronized population oscillation in the hippocampus. In this chapter we describe the membrane conductance system of the pyramidal cells that allows burst generation. In addition, we summarize the way synaptic interaction can occur between these bursting cells to bring about population synchrony.
KeywordsNoradrenaline Acetylcholine Papain Tetrodotoxin
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