Distribution of Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus Type- I (HTLV-I) Family Among Non-Human Primates

  • K. Yamamoto
  • T. Ishida
  • Y. Hinuma
Part of the Developments in Veterinary Virology book series (DVVI, volume 6)


The seroepidemiological surveys of human T-cell leukemia virus type-I (HTLV-I) family were conducted among free-ranging Japanese monkeys, Asian and African non-human primates kept in cages and sampled in the field study. Seropositive animals to HTLV-I family in nature belonged to macaques originated from various localities in Asia. Grivet monkeys and Anubis baboons including those hybrid offspring between Anubis and Hamadryas were seropositive for HTLV-I family in Africa. As a result, HTLV-I family was proved to be widespread on Asian and African Continent. Thus the wide geographic and phylogenetic distribution of HTLV-I family in nature among various species of catarrhines suggests that the introduction of this virus family into primates occurred in ancient times and the HTLV-I family was considered as a common retrovirus among catarrhines.


World Monkey Japanese Monkey Hamadryas Baboon Hanuman Langur Seropositive Animal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Boston 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Yamamoto
    • 1
  • T. Ishida
    • 2
  • Y. Hinuma
  1. 1.Department of Cytogenetics, Medical Research InstituteTokyo Medical and Dental UniversityTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry, Primate Research InstituteKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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