Distribution of Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus Type- I (HTLV-I) Family Among Non-Human Primates

  • K. Yamamoto
  • T. Ishida
  • Y. Hinuma
Part of the Developments in Veterinary Virology book series (DVVI, volume 6)

Abstract

The seroepidemiological surveys of human T-cell leukemia virus type-I (HTLV-I) family were conducted among free-ranging Japanese monkeys, Asian and African non-human primates kept in cages and sampled in the field study. Seropositive animals to HTLV-I family in nature belonged to macaques originated from various localities in Asia. Grivet monkeys and Anubis baboons including those hybrid offspring between Anubis and Hamadryas were seropositive for HTLV-I family in Africa. As a result, HTLV-I family was proved to be widespread on Asian and African Continent. Thus the wide geographic and phylogenetic distribution of HTLV-I family in nature among various species of catarrhines suggests that the introduction of this virus family into primates occurred in ancient times and the HTLV-I family was considered as a common retrovirus among catarrhines.

Keywords

Glycerol Acetone Lymphoma Cage Leukemia 

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Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Boston 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Yamamoto
    • 1
  • T. Ishida
    • 2
  • Y. Hinuma
  1. 1.Department of Cytogenetics, Medical Research InstituteTokyo Medical and Dental UniversityTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry, Primate Research InstituteKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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