Diuretics in the Salernitan Medicine

  • A. Dal Canton
  • M. Castellano
Part of the Developments in Nephrology book series (DINE, volume 18)


In Middle Ages, Salerno -a small town in Southern Italy-was the site of a very important School of Medicine, the most important in Western World at those times. The teachers were called “Magistri” (Masters), and often came to hold the prestigious Chairs of Salerno from distant countries. Arabian Magistri were well accepted and gave a fundamental contribution to Salernitan knowledge. They, in fact, knew very well the important texts of the Classic Medicine that had been almost forgotten in Western countries after the fall of the Roman Empire. And, of course, they brought new ideas, original concepts specific of the Arabian medical culture. The Arabian influence accounts for the great importance of the Science of Urine (so-called Uroscopy) in the Salernitan School (1). An Arabian physician, Isaac Ebreus (9th century), in fact, was the first who gave a rationale to the diagnostic value of urine, by introducing into the Classic theory of urine formation the new concept that urine is the final receptacle of any Humor excess (2).


Fundamental Contribution Central Blood Volume Wild Herb Potassium Sulphate Aluminum Potassium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Pazzini A. Pagine di Storia delia Scienza e della Tecnica. 10:1–13, 1958.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fontana E. Il Libro delle Urine di Isacco l’Ebreo tradotto dall’Arabo in Latino da Costantino l’Africano. In: Scienza Veterum (Ed. G. Del Guerra) , Pisa, Casa Editrice Giardini, 1966.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ludovico Dureto Segusiano (Interprete et Narratore): Hippocra tis Magni Coacae, Lutetiae Parisiorum, Ioannes Meiat Editore, 1621Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Serapione: De Simplicibus. In: De Re Medica, Vol. II, edited by Othone Brunselsio, Audlanus, pp. 29–195, 1531.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tabulae Salerni. De Virtutibus et Operationibus Medicinarum. In: Collectio Salernitana (Ed. De Renzi S.), Napoli, 1859, vol. 5, pp. 235–237.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    De Simplicium Virtutibus. In: Collectio Salernitana (Ed. De Renzi S.), Napoli, 1859, vol. 5, pp. 25–76.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Commentarium Magistri Bernardi Provincialis super Tabulae Salerni. In: Collectio Salernitana (Ed. De Renzi S.), Napoli, vol. 5, pp. 279–280.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pillule Maqistri Mauri probate. In: Collectio Salernitana (De Renzi S. Ed.), vol 3, 1854, pp. 51–52.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishing, Boston 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Dal Canton
    • 1
  • M. Castellano
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Nephrology, 2nd Faculty of MedicineUniversity of NaplesItaly
  2. 2.Department of Social Sciences, Istituto Universitario OrientaleUniversity of NaplesItaly

Personalised recommendations