Diuretics in the Salernitan Medicine

  • A. Dal Canton
  • M. Castellano
Chapter
Part of the Developments in Nephrology book series (DINE, volume 18)

Abstract

In Middle Ages, Salerno -a small town in Southern Italy-was the site of a very important School of Medicine, the most important in Western World at those times. The teachers were called “Magistri” (Masters), and often came to hold the prestigious Chairs of Salerno from distant countries. Arabian Magistri were well accepted and gave a fundamental contribution to Salernitan knowledge. They, in fact, knew very well the important texts of the Classic Medicine that had been almost forgotten in Western countries after the fall of the Roman Empire. And, of course, they brought new ideas, original concepts specific of the Arabian medical culture. The Arabian influence accounts for the great importance of the Science of Urine (so-called Uroscopy) in the Salernitan School (1). An Arabian physician, Isaac Ebreus (9th century), in fact, was the first who gave a rationale to the diagnostic value of urine, by introducing into the Classic theory of urine formation the new concept that urine is the final receptacle of any Humor excess (2).

Keywords

Foam Petroleum Malaria Bark Alba 

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Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishing, Boston 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Dal Canton
    • 1
  • M. Castellano
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Nephrology, 2nd Faculty of MedicineUniversity of NaplesItaly
  2. 2.Department of Social Sciences, Istituto Universitario OrientaleUniversity of NaplesItaly

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