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Metabolites of tiazofurin as mediators of its biochemical and pharmacologic effects

  • Gurpreet S. Ahluwalia
  • Hiremagalur N. Jayaram
  • David A. Cooney
Part of the Cancer Treatment and Research book series (CTAR, volume 36)

Abstract

Tiazofurin (2-β-D-ribofuranosylthiazole-4-carboxamide) was synthesized by the medicinal chemists at ICN as one of a series of potential antiviral compounds [1,2]. In fact, the agent does exhibit a modest to moderate degree of activity against several pathogenic viruses [2,3]. However, at the time, this activity apparently was not judged sufficient to warrant development of the drug towards clinical trials. With the advent of managerial changes at ICN, Dr. Kenneth Paull of the National Cancer Institute made arrangements with Dr. Roland Robins, the chemist who had designed tiazofurin, to screen that compound and a number of related nucleosides for antineoplastic activity. These studies revealed that tiazofurin was effective against the L1210 and P388 leukemias and prompted a broader examination of the compound’s oncolytic potential. Surprisingly, tiazofurin proved to be effective against the subcutaneous Lewis lung carcinoma, a transplantable tumor resistant to the vast majority of standard and experimental chemotherapeutic drugs. Moreover, cures were achieved over a broad range of doses of the compound [4]. It was these studies, then, that prompted the development of tiazofurin toward clinical trials as an antitumor drug.

Keywords

Nucleoside Diphosphate Kinase Acetate Kinase Adenosine Kinase P388 Leukemia Fast Atom Bombardment Mass Spectrum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Boston 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gurpreet S. Ahluwalia
  • Hiremagalur N. Jayaram
  • David A. Cooney

There are no affiliations available

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