Surgical Aspects of Renal Transplantation
Over eight million Americans have renal disease . Each year thousands of these individuals develop renal failure and must consider either dialysis or transplantation to preserve their lives. Dialysis has dramatically improved and prolonged the lives of tens of thousands of patients suffering from renal failure. However, both patients and physicians agree that a successful transplant offers a superior quality of life over that of dialysis. In selected groups of patients, children, young adults , and diabetics [2, 3] transplantation is the preferred method of treatment. Due to the critical shortage of donor kidneys, the majority of patients choosing transplantation initially receive either hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis treatments until a kidney becomes available.
KeywordsRenal Artery Renal Transplantation Living Donor External Iliac Artery Epidural Morphine
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