Recovery of Dielectric Strength in Gases

  • R. N. DeWitt
Part of the Advances in Pulsed Power Technology book series (APUT, volume 1)

Abstract

Normally, when referring to the recovery of a switch, one refers to the recovery of the dielectric strength of the insulating medium; that is, the maximum voltage the medium can hold off without breakdown. After sufficiently long time the medium can return to the predischarge condition and is said to be fully recovered, assuming complete reversibility in the medium and electrode characteristics. While switch media may be gaseous, liquid, solid, or vacuum, only the gaseous case will be considered in this chapter. Predischarge (and thus fully recovered) dielectric strengths have been studied for many years with the aim of establishing criteria that quantify the dielectric strength of these insulating media or the mechanisms and processes leading to the breakdowns of the media. The classical treatments can be found in Ref’s. 1–6, for example, while recent research is found not only in physics and engineering journals but also in edited proceedings, such as Ref’s. 7–10. A collection of important papers with comments can be found in Ref. 11. Predischarge and breakdown studies are most important in problems of insulation and single shot switching. However, it it unclear how much of this information applies to switching at high repetition rates. This chapter will focus on the main issues and indicate the important uncertainties and over-simplifications rather than provide an extensive review of the literature.

Keywords

Entropy Convection Enthalpy Recombination Helium 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. N. DeWitt
    • 1
  1. 1.Naval Surface Weapons CenterDahlgrenUSA

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