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Permeability and Regulation of Gap Junction Channels in Cells and in Artificial Lipid Bilayers

  • Camillo Peracchia

Abstract

Many cell communities, in spite of the apparent structural individuality of their members, behave in some respects like syncytia, due to the existence of well-defined cell-to-cell channels of communication. Cooperative functions such as the synchronous spread of electrical impulse in heart, smooth muscle, and some areas of the nervous system, equilibration of ionic and metabolic pools, and coordinated responses of cell communities to hormonal or transmitter-mediated stimuli are among some of the many functions of direct cell-to-cell communication (cell coupling), a mechanism that enables tissues to respond to external and internal signals as integrated systems. Cell coupling represents the ability of cells to freely exchange with neighboring cells in direct contact with them, ions, metabolites, and messengers, while maintaining their individuality regarding macromolecules; the syncytiumlike feature being restricted to molecules smaller than M r 1000 (M r 2000 in certain invertebrates).

Keywords

Junctional Protein Cell Coupling Junctional Conductance Squid Axon Intracellular Injection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Camillo Peracchia
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyUniversity of RochesterRochesterUSA

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