Sizing Canted Flaws in Weldments Using Low-Frequency Emats
Techniques for detecting and sizing flaws with electromagnetic-acoustic transducers (EMATs), previously used successfully for normal planar flaws, were applied to canted flaws in steel plates. Comparisons were made between metallographic and ultrasonic measurements on specially prepared welds. Results indicated a high probability of detecting canted flaws (> 0.5-mm deep) with EMATs. The EMAT sizing was highly repeatable and, for the most part, very accurate. Some, as yet unexplained, inaccuracies did show up, however, in some weld sections. There is a possibility that the calibration curve may be more complex for canted flaws than for normal flaws.
KeywordsNormal Flaw Shear Horizontal Flaw Depth Plate Mode Shear Horizontal Wave
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