Reproductive Consequences of Dietary Specialization and Switching in an Ecological Generalist

  • Raymond Pierotti
  • Cynthia Annett


The foraging behavior of animals in complex environments is affected by conflicting demands (cf. Sih 1980, Martindale 1982, 1983, Cerri & Fraser 1983) and may be dependent on more than one aspect of prey quality (Pulliam 1975, Westoby 1978, Nicotri 1980, Breitwisch et al. 1984). Various currencies have been suggested that could affect the dietary selection of a foraging animal. These include energy intake per unit of time (Schoener 1971), maximizing intake of an essential nutrient (Goss-Custard 1981), and mixing nutrient intake to ensure adequate nutrition (Westoby 1978, Nicotri 1980).


Food Item Food Type Reproductive Period Handling Time Herring Gull 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond Pierotti
    • 1
    • 2
  • Cynthia Annett
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.Department of Zoology and Museum of Vertebrate ZoologyUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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