Modes of use, Precursors, and Indicators of Cocaine Abuse

  • David F. Allen

Abstract

The complexity of the cocaine problem is compounded by the different methods of using cocaine, the widespread vulnerability of the general population, the subtlety of its outward symptomology and therefore the difficulty of detecting the presence of the addiction. This chapter provides discussion of, first, the modes of use; second, the precursors of abuse; and third, the indicators of abuse.

Keywords

Depression Dopamine Tuberculosis Cocaine Smoke 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    C. Van Dyke, R. Byck (1982) Cocaine, Scientific American March, 1982, pp. 128–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Cohen (1985) “Cocaine, The Bottom Line,,” The American Council for Drug Education, p.11.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. Stone, M. Fromme, D. Kagan (1984) “Cocaine: Seduction and Solution,,” Clarkson N. Potter, New York.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. D. Chasnoff, W. J. Burns, et al, (1985) Cocaine Use in Pregnancy, New England J of Medicine, Sept. 12, 1985, Vol. 313, No. 11.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. Cohen, op. cit.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. Cohen, Drug abuse: predisposition and vulnerability, in “Psychiatry, the State of the Art, Vol. 6,,” P. Pichot, P. Berner, R. Wolf, K. Than, eds., Plenum Publishing Press, New York (1985).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. Bry, Empirical foundations of family-based approaches to adolescent substance abuse, in “Preventing Adolescent Drug Abuse: Intervention Strategies, NIDA Research Monograph No. 47,,” National Institute on Drug Abuse, Rockville, Md.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. H. Blum, et al., (1970) “Students and Drugs,,” Jossey-Bar, San Francisco.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    H. B. Kaplan (1977) Antecedents of deviant responses: predicting from a general theory of deviant behaviour, J. Youth Adolescence 6:89–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. Paton, R. Kessler, D. Kandel (1977) Depressive mood and adolescent illicit drug abuse: a longitudinal analysis, J. Genet. Psychol. 131:267–289.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    E. J. Khantzian (1985) The Self-Medication Hypothesis of Addictive Disorders: a focus on heroin and cocaine dependence, Am. J. Psychiatry, 142, p. 1239, 11 November, 1985.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    G. M. Smith, C. P. Fogg (1979) Psychological Antecedents of Teenage Drug Abuse, in “Research in Community and Mental Health, Vol. 1,,” R. G. Simmons, ed., JAI Press, Greenwich, Conn.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Zuckerman, R. S. Neary, B. A. Brustman (1970) Sensation-seeking scale correlates in experiences (smoking, drugs, hallucinations, and sex) and preference for complexity in “Proceedings of the 78th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Vol. 5,,” American Psychological Association, Washington, D. C.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    F. A. Tennant, Jr., R. Detels, V. Clarke (1975) Some childhood antecedents of drug and alcohol abuse, Am. J. Epidemiology, 102:377–385.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    D. B. Kandel (1978) Convergencies in prospective longitudinal surveys of drug use in normal populations, in “Longitudinal Research on Drug Use: Empirical Findings and Methodological Issues,,” Hemisphere, New York.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    D. B. Kandel, D. Treiman, R. Faust, E. Single (1976) Adolescent involvement in legal and illegal drug use: a multiple classification analysis, Social Forces, 55:438–458.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    D. F. Allen, et al. (1984) “National Task Force Report on Drugs,,” Bahamas Government Publication, Nassau, Bahamas.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    D. B. Kandel, D. Murphy, D. Karus (1985) Cocaine use in young adulthood: patterns of use and psychosocial correlates, in “Cocaine Use in America: Epidemiological and Clinical Perspectives, NIDA Research Monograph No. 61,,” N. Kozel and E. Adams, eds., U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • David F. Allen
    • 1
  1. 1.National Drug CouncilNassauBahamas

Personalised recommendations