The follow-up of the asphyxiated baby presents a medical challenge regarding the potential for and limitations of future handicaps. Asphyxia if prolonged represents a multiple risk in which trauma, metabolic disorders, and infection are factors added to the initial asphyxialischemic damage. Asphyxia also adds extra risks such as bleeding to the immature brain of the VLBW or SGA infant who, because of intrauterine factors (nutrition, drugs, or intrauterine infections), is more susceptible to the asphyxial stress of birth.
KeywordsHead Circumference Motor Development Intrauterine Infection Brain Hemorrhage Extra Risk
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