The Use of the Laser in the Operative Management of Intraspinal Tumors

  • W. Craig Clark
  • Jon H. Robertson
Part of the Foundations of Neurological Surgery book series (FONS, volume 1)


In adults, the ratio between intraspinal and intracranial tumors is roughly one to four [37]. For purposes of discussion, we have divided these tumors into three major categories: (1) those extradural in location; (2) those inside the dura, but outside the spinal cord (intradural-extramedullary); and (3) those inside the spinal cord (intramedullary).


Spinal Cord Vertebral Body Spinal Cord Tumor Carbon Dioxide Laser Bipolar Coagulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Craig Clark
  • Jon H. Robertson

There are no affiliations available

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