Neuropharmacology and Brain Damage

  • D. Nathan Cope

Abstract

Until recently there has been little in the scientific literature regarding the psychopharmacologic treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI). To some extent this is due to the late clinical recognition of TBI as an important and distinct syndrome from a neurobehavioral (as well as a neurosurgical) perspective. A preliminary nosology of TBI has not been adequately developed to allow necessary syndrome discrimination in studies of drug effect. For TBI studies, there has, to date, been a lack of double-blind techniques.

Keywords

Traumatic Brain Injury Brain Injury Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Tardive Dyskinesia Traumatic Brain Injury Patient 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Stritch, S.J. Lancet 2: 443–448, 1961.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Levin, H.S., Handel, S.F., Goldman, A.M. et al. Arch.Neurol. 42: 963–968, 1985.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Van Woerkom, T.C. Lancet 1: 812–813, 1977.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Robinson, R.G., Bloom, F.E. Biol. Psychiatry 12: 669–680, 1977.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cope, D.N. J. Head Trauma Rehabil. 2(4), 1987.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cope, D.N., In: Closed Head Injury: Medical Rehabilitation (Ed.S.Berrol), In Preparation.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Grimm, B.H. and Bleiberg, J. In: Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology, Vol. II. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1986, pp. 495–560.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cope, D.N. Sem.Neurol. 5: 212–220, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Simpson, GM., Pi, E.H. and Sramek, J. J. Hosp.Comm. Psychia. 37: 362–370, 1986.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    APA Statement on Tardive Dyskinesia (no author) Hosp.Comm.Psychia. 36: 902, 1985.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Appelbaum, P.S., Schaffner, K. and Meisel, A. Am.J. Psychia. 142: 806–810, 1985.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Feeney, D.M., Gonzalez, A., Law, W.A., et al. Science 217: 855–857, 1982.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Feeney, D.M., Bailey, B.Y., Boyeson, M.G. et al. Brain Injury 1: 27–32, 1987.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Van Hassalt, P., Neuropharm. 12: 245–247, 1973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Porch, B., Wyckes, J., et al. Soc. Neurosci. (Abstract) May 1, 1985.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Higashi, K., Sakata, Y., Hatano, S., et al. J. Neurol.Neurosurg.Psychiat. 40: 876–885, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Chandra, B. Eur.Neurol. 17: 265–270, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Mayer, N.P. Personal Communication. Moss Rehabilitation Hospital, Philadelphia, 1987.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Robinson, R.G., Starr, L.B., Lipsey, J.R. et al. J. Nerv.Ment.Dis. 173: 221–226, 1985.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lipsey, J.R., Robinson, R.G. and Pearlson, G.D. Lancet 1: 297–300, 1984.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Gottfries, G.C., Clinical.Neuropharm. 10: 313–329, 1987.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Reisberg, B., Ferris, S.H. and Gerson, S. Am.J. Psychia. 138: 593–598, 1981.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wolkowitz, O.M., Tinklenberg, J.R. and Wein-gartner, H. Neuropsychobiol. 14: 133–156, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Evans, R.W., Gualtieri, T.C. and Patterson, D. J., Nerv.Ment.Dis. 1987, In Press.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Rango, J. NEJM 307: 883–890, 1982.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Waxman, H.M., Klein, M. and Carner, E.A. Hosp. Comm.Psychia. 36: 886–887, 1985.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Helms, P.M. J.Am.Geriatr.Soc. 33: 206–209, 1985.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Barnes, R.: Am.J.Psychia. 139: 1170–1174, 1982.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Rothmann, CB., Chusid, E. and Giannini, M.J. N.Y. Stat.J.Med, 79: 709–715, 1979.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Settle, E.C. J. Clin.Psychia. 44: 440–448, 1983.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Logothetis, J. Neurol. 17: 869–877, 1967.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Sadeh, M., Braham, J. and Modan, M. Arch.Neurol. 39: 666–669, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Tune, L.E., Strauss, M.E. and Lew, M.F. Am.J.Psychia. 139: 1460–1462, 1982.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Rao, N., Jellinek, H.M. and Woolston, D.C. Arch. Phys. Med.Rehabil. 66: 30–34, 1985.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Mysiw, W.J. and Jackson, R.D. J.Head Trauma Rehabil. 2: In Press, 1987.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Jackson, R.D., Corrigan, J.D. and Arnett, J.A. Arch. Phys.Med.Rehabil. 66: 180–181, 1985.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Rodgers, R.J. and Waters, A.J. Neurosci.Biobehav. Rev. 9: 21–35, 1985.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Strahan, A., Rosenthal, J., Kaswan, M., et al. Am.J.Psychia. 142: 859–861, 1985.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Cole, J.O., Haskell, D.S. and Orzack, H. McLean Hosp. J. 6: 46–74, 1981.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Jampala, V.C. and Abrams, R. Am.J.Psychia. 140: 1197–1199, 1983.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Williams, K.H. and Goldstein, G. Am.J.Psychia. 138: 800–803, 1979.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Shukla, S., Cook, B.L., Mukherjee, S., et al. Am.J.Psychia. 144: 93–96, 1987.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Reiss, H., Schwirtz, C.E. and Klermann, G.L. Am.J. Psychia. 48: 29–30, 1987.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Glenn, M.B. and Joseph, A.B. J.Head Trauma Rehabil. 2: In Press, 1987.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    De Paulo, J.R., Correa, E.I. and Folstein, M.F. Biol. Psychia. 18: 1093–1097, 1983.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Sheard, M.H., Marini, J.L., Bridges, C.I., et al. Am.J.Psychia. 133: 1409–1413, 1976.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Trimble, M.R. Epilepsia 24: (suppl) 555–563, 1983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Fischbacher, E. Brit.Med.J. 285: 423–424, 1982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Evans, R.W. and Gualtieri, C.T. Clin. Neurophar-macol. 8: 221–241, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Pincus, J.H. Neurol. 30: 304–305, 1980.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Devinsky, O. and Bear, D. Am.J.Psychiatry 141: 651–656, 1984.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Garbutt, J.C. and Loosen, P.T. Am.J.Psychia. 140: 1363–1364, 1983.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Mattes, J.A. Lancet 2: 1164–1165, 1984.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Evans, R.W., Gualtieri, T.C. and Patterson, D.R. J. Nerv.Ment.Dis. 175: 106–110, 1987.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Lipper, S. and Tuchman, M.M. J.Nerv.Ment.Dis. 162: 366–371, 1976.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Frances, A. and Jensen, P.S. Hosp.Comm.Psychia. 36: 711–713, 1985.Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Evans, R.W. and Gualtieri, C.T. J.Head Trauma Rehabil. 2: In Press, 1987.Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Yudofsky, S.C. Am.J.Psychia. 141: 114–115, 1984.Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Elliott, F.A. Ann.Neurol. 1: 489–491, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Ratey, J.J. Am.J.Psychia. 140: 1356–1357, 1983.Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Mattes, J.A. Am.J.Psychia. 142: 1108–1109, 1985.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Nathan Cope
    • 1
  1. 1.The National Rehabilitation HospitalUSA

Personalised recommendations