Advertisement

Alternative forms of urinary diversion after cystectomy

  • Paul A. Hatcher
  • George D. Webster
Part of the Cancer Treatment and Research book series (CTAR, volume 46)

Abstract

Any operation designed to redirect the urine after cystectomy should both be clinically acceptable to the surgeon, and socially and psychologically acceptable to the patient. It must be oncologically appropriate and consider patient survival, anticipated cancer morbidity, possible mechanisms of tumor spread in the pelvis, and the risks to the patient from procedures that often require revision operations. Likewise, patient motivation and aptitude, physical and neurologic disability, and social factors influence the selection of urinary diversion.

Keywords

Radical Cystectomy Urinary Diversion Ileocecal Valve Ileal Conduit Artificial Urinary Sphincter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bricker EM: Bladder substitution after pelvic evisceration. Surg Clin North Am 30: 1511–1521, 1950.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Webster GD: Continent urinary diversion. Adv in Urol 1: 269–304, 1988.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Skinner DG: American Urological Association Annual Meeting, Boston, MA, unpublished.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dowd JB: Ileal conduit and use of small intestine in urology. In: pediaaatric and Adult Reconstructive Urologie Surgery, 2nd ed., Libertino JA (ed). Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, 1987, pp. 299–311.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nesbit RM: Another hopeful look at sigmoid anastomosis. J Urol 84: 691–703, 1961.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mathisen W: New method for ureterointestinal anastomosis: A preliminary report. Surg Gynecol Obstet 96: 255–258, 1953.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Woodruff LM, Cooper JD, Leadbetter WF: Ureteroenterostomy experimental studies. J Urol 67: 873–879, 1952.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lowsey OS, Johnson TH, Rudea AE: New operation for diversion of urine, with voluntary control of feces and urine: Preliminary report. J Int College of Surg 20: 457–464, 1953.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Persky L: Relocation of ileal stomas. J Urol 96: 702–703, 1966.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mount BM, Susset JG, Campbell J, et al.: Ureteral implantation into ileal conduits. J Urol 100: 605–609, 19968.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Frank PP, Pernet M, Jonas U: Ileal conduit urinary diversion: Early and late results of 132 cases in a 25-year period. World J Urol 3: 140–144, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bishop RF, Smith ED, Gracey M: Bacterial flora of urine from ileal conduit. J Urol 105: 452–457, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Pitts Wr, Muecke EC: A 20-year experience with ileal conduits: The fate of the kidneys. J Urol 122: 154–157, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hill JT, Ransley PG: The colonic conduit: A better method of urinary diversion? Br J Urol 55: 629–631, 1983.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Richie JP, Skinner DG: Urinary diversion: The physiological rationale for non-refluxing colon conduits. Br J Urol 47: 269–272, 1975.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Schmidt JG, Hawtrey CE, Buchbum HJ: Transverse colon conduit: A preferred method of urinary diversion for radiation-treated pelvic malignancies. J Urol 113: 308–313, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Morales P, Golimbu M: Colonic urinary diversion: Ten years of experience. J Urol 113: 302–307, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Loening SA, Navarre RJ, Narayana AS, Culp DA: Transverse colon conduit urinary diversion. J Urol 127: 37–40, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gilchrist RK, Merricks JW, Hamlin HH, et al.: Construction of a substitute bladder and urethra. Surg Gynecol Obstet 90: 752–760, 1950.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kock NG: Intra-abdominal ‘reservoir’ in patients with permanent ileostomy. Preliminary observations on a procedure resulting in fecal ‘continence’ in five ileostomy patients. Arch Surg 99: 233–235, 1969.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Watsudji H: Eine combiniente anwendung des hacker-und fontan’scher Verfahrens bei der gastrostomie. Mitt’d Med Gesellszh du Toyko 13: 879, 1899.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Leisinger HJ, Sauberli H, Schauwecker H, Mayor G: Continent ileal bladder: First Clinical experience. Eur Urol 2: 8–12, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Madigan MR: The continent ileostomy and the isolated ileal bladder. Ann R coll Surg Engl 58: 62–69, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Kock NG, Nilson AE, Norlen LJ, Sundin T, Trasti H: Urinary diversion via a continent ileum reservoir: Clinical experience. Scand J Urol Nephrol 49: 23–32, 1978.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kock NG, Nilson AE, Nilsson LO, Nolen LJ, Philipson BM: Urinary diversion via a continent ileal reservoir: Clinical results in 12 patients. J Urol 128: 469–475, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Ashken MH: Urinary reservoirs. In: Urinary Diversion, MH Ashken (ed). Springer-Verlag, New York 1982, pp. 112.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Gerber A: The Kock continent ileal reservoir for supravesical urinary diversion. An early experience. Am J Surg 146: 15–19, 1983.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Skinner DG, Boyd SD, Lieskovsky G: Clinical experience with the Kock continent ileal reservoir for urinary diversion. J Urol 132: 1101–1107, 1984.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Lieskovsky G, Boyd SD, Skinner DG: Management of late complications of the Kock pouch form of urinary diversion. J Urol 137: 1146–1150, 1987.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Skinner DG, Lieskovsky G, Boyd SD: Continuing experience with the continent ileal reservoir (Kock pouch) as an alternative to cutaneous urinary diversion: An update after 250 cases. J Urol 137: 1140–1145, 1987.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Kock NG, Myrvold AG, Nilsson LO, Ahren C: Construction of a stable nipple valve for the continent ileostomy. Annal Surg Gynecol 69: 132–143, 1980.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Hendren WH: Reoperative ureteral reimplantation: Management of the difficult case. J Ped Surg 15: 770–785, 1980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Boyd SD, Skinner DG, Lieskovsky G: Ongoing experience with the Kock continent ileal reservoir for urinary diversion. World J Urol 3: 155–159, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Boyd SD, Skinner DG, Lieskovsky G: The continent ileal reservoir (Kock pouch). Semin Urol 5: 15–27, 1987.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Olsson C: American Urological Association Annual Meeting, Boston, MA, unpublished.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Kock NG, Norlen L, Phillipson BM, Akerlund S: The continent ileal reservoir (Kock pouch) for urinary diversion. World J Urol 3: 146–151, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Boyd SD, Feinberg SM, Skinner DG, Lieskovsky G, Baron B, Richardson J: Quality of life survery of urinary diversion patients: Comparison of ileal conduits vs. continent Kock ileal reservoirs. J Urol 138: 1386–1389, 1987.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Camey M: Bladder replacement by ileocystoplasty following radical cystectomy. World J Urol 3: 161–166, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Gilchrist RK, Merricks JW, Hamlin HH, Rieger IT: Construction of a substitute bladder and urethra. Surg Gynecol Obstet 90: 752–760, 1950.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Sullivan H, Gilchrist RK, Merricks JW: Ileocecal substitute bladder: Long-term followup. J Urol 109: 43–45, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Ashken MH: An appliance-free ileocaecal urinary diversion: Preliminary communication. BJ Urol 46: 631–638, 1974.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Ashken MH: Urinary reservoirs. In: Urinary Diversion, Ashken MH (ed). Springer-Verlag, New York, 1982, p. 112.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Ashken MH: Urinary cecal reservoir. In: Bladder Replacement and Continent Urinary Diversion, King LR, Webster GD, Stone AR (eds). Yearbook Medical Publishers, Philadelphia, 1987, p. 238.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Zingg E, Tsholl R: Continent cecoileal conduit: Preliminary report. J Urol 118: 724–728, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Hedlund H, Lindstrom K, Mansson W: Dynamics of a continent caecal reservoir for urinary diversion. Br J Urol 56: 366–372, 1984.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Mansson W, Colleen S, Sundin T: Continent cecal reservoir in urinary diversion. Br J Urol 56: 359–365, 1984.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Mansson W, Colleen S, Sundin T: The continent cecal reservoir for urinary diversion. World J Urol 3: 173–178, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Mansson W: The continent cecal urinary reservoir. In: Bladder Replacement and Continent Urinary Diversion, King LR, Webster GD, Stone AR (eds). Yearbook Medical Publishers, Philadelphia, 1987, p. 209.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Webster GD, Bertram RA: Continent catheterizable urinary diversion using the ileocecal segment with stapled intussusception of the ileocecal valve. J Urol 135: 465–469, 1986.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Norlen L, Trasti H: Functional behavior in a continent ileum reservoir for urinary diversion. An experimental and clinical study. Scand J Urol Nephrol 49: 33–35, 1978.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    King LR, Robertson CN, Bertram RA: A new technique for the prevention of reflux in those undergoing bladder substitution or undiversion using bowel segments. World J Urol 3: 194–196, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Benchekroun A: Continent caecal bladder. Br J Urol 54: 505–506, 1982.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Benchekroun A: The ileocecal continent bladder. In: Bladder Replacement and Continent Urinary Diversion, King LR, Webster GD, Stone AR (eds). Yearbook Medical Publishers, Philadelphia 1987, p. 224.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Thuroff JW, Alken P, Riedmiller H, Engelmann U, et al.: The Mainz pouch (mixed augmentation ileum and cecum) for bladder augmentation and continent diversion. J Urol 136: 17–26, 1986.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Thuroff JW, Alken P, Riedmiller H, Engelmann U, et al.: The Mainz pouch (mixed augmentation ileum n’zecum) for bladder augmentation and continent diversion. World J Urol 3: 179–184, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Mitrofanoff P: Cystostomie continente trans-appendiculaire dans le traitement des vessies neurologiques. Chir Pediatr 21: 297–305, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Duckett JW, Snyder HM: Use of Mitrofanoff principle in urinary reconstruction. World J Urol 3: 191–193, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Rowland RG, Mitchell ME, Bihrle R: The cecoileal continent urinary reservoir. World J Urol 3: 185–190, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Rowland RG, Mitchell ME, Bihrl E, et al.: Indiana continent urinary reservoir. J Urol 137: 1136–1139, 1987.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Rowland RG: American Urological Association Annual Meeting, Boston, MA, unpublished, 1988.Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Sinaiko ES: Artificial bladder from gastric pouch. Surg Gynecol Obstet 111: 155–160, 1960.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Couvelaire PR: Le reservoir ileal de substitution après la cystectomie totale chez l’homme. J d’Urologie Med Chur 21: 408–417, 1951.Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Camey M: Bladder replacement by ileocystoplasty following radical cystectomy. Semin Urol 5: 8–14, 1987.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Kerr WK, Keresteci AG, Kyle VN: Ileocystoplasty: A clinical review of 18 cases. Can J Surg 3: 104–145, 1960.Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Deleveliotis A, Macris SG: Replacement of the bladder with an isolated segment of sigmoid: Achievement of physiological urination in patients with carcinoma of the bladder. J Urol 85: 564–568, 1961.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Gil-Vernet JM: The ileocolic segment in urologie surgery. J Urol 94: 418–426, 1965.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Turner-Warwick RT, Ashken MH: The functional results of partial, sub-total, and total cystoplasty with special reference to ureteroceco-cystoplasty, selective sphincterotomy and cysto-cystoplasty. Br J Urol 94: 406–410, 1965.Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Hradac EA: Bladder substitution: Indications and results in 114 operations. J Urol 94: 406–417, 1965.Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Khafagy M, el-Bolkainey MN, Barsoum RS, el-Tatawy S: The ileal cecal bladder: A new method of urinary diversion after radical cystectomy. A preliminary report. J Urol 113: 314–316, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Light JK, Scott FB: Total reconstruction of the lower urinary tract using bowel and the artificial urinary sphincter. J Urol 131: 953–956, 1984.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Light JK, Engelman UH: Reconstruction of the lower urinary tract: Observations on bowel dynamics and the artificial urinary sphincter. J Urol 133: 594–597, 1985.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Catalona W: American Urological Association Annual Meeting, Boston, MA, unpublished comments, 1988.Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    Schellhammer PF, Whitmore WF: Transitional cell carcinoma of the urethra in men having cystectomy for bladder cancer. J Urol 115: 56–59, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Camey M: Bladder replacement by ileocystoplasty following radical cystectomy. World J Urol 3: 161–166, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Le Duc A, Camey M: Un procede d’implantation uretero-ileale antireflux dans l’entero-cystoplastie. J d’Urologie et d’Nephro 85: 449–454, 1979.Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Sagalowsky AI: Experience with the ileal bladder (Camey procedure) and cecoileal reservoirs for continent urinary diversion. Semin Urol 5: 28–45, 1987.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Light JK, Engelman UH: LeBag: Total replacement of the bladder using an ileocolonic pouch. J Urol 136: 27–31, 1986.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Goldwasser B, Barrett DM, Benson AC: Bladder replacement with use of a detubularized right colonic segment: Preliminary report of a new technique. Mayo Clin Proc 61: 615–621, 1986.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Melchior H, Spehr C, Knop-Wagemann I, et al: The continent ileal bladder for urinary tract reconstruction after cystectomy: A survey of 44 patients. J Urol 139: 714–718, 1988.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Hautmann RE, Egghart G, Frohneberg D, Miller K: The ileal neobladder. J Urol 139: 39–42, 1988.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Khafagy MM, el-Kalawy M, Ibrahim A, Safa M, et al.: Radical cystectomy and ileocecal bladder reconstruction for carcinoma of the urinary bladder. BJ Urol 160: 60–63, 1987.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Alcini E, d’Addessi A, Giustacchini M, et al.: Bladder reconstruction after cystectomy: Use of ileocecal segment in 3-loop ileal reservoir. Urology 531: 10–13, 1988.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Zinmann L, Libertino JA: Right colocystoplasty for bladder replacement. Urol Clin North Am 13: 321–329, 1986.Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Zinmann L, Libertino JA, Roth RH: Right colocystoplasty for vesical replacement following cystectomy in selected patients with carcinoma of the bladder. [Editoral comment] J Urol 131: 956, 1984.Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    Simon J: Ectopia vesicae (absence of the anterior walls of the bladder and pubic abdominal parietes): Operation for directing the orifices of ureters into the rectum: Temporary success: Subsequent death: Autopsy. Lancet 2: 568–570, 1852.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Coffey RC: Physiologic implantation of the severed ureter or combination bile-duct into the intestine. JAMA 56: 397–402, 1911.Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Zinke H, Segura JD: Ureterosigmoidostomy: Critical review of 173 cases. J Urol 113: 324, 1975.Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    Wear JB, Barquin OT: Ureterosigmoidostomy: Long-term results. Urology 1: 192, 1973.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Riches EW: A comparison of conduit and reservoir methods of urinary diversion. Br J Urol 39: 704–715, 1967.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Spence HM, Hoffman WW, Fosmine GP: Tumor of the colon as a late complication of ureterosigmoidostomy for exstrophy of the bladder. Br J Urol 51: 466–469, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Kochevar J: Adenocarcinoid tumor, goblet cell type, arising in a ureteroileal conduit: A case report. J Urol 131: 957–959, 1984.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Tomera KM, Unni KK, Utz DC: Adenomatous polyp in ileal conduit. J Urol 128: 1025, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Shousha S, Scott J, Polak J: Ileal loop carcinoma after cystectomy for bladder exstrophy. Br Med J 2: 397, 1975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Rink RC, Retick AB: Ureteroileocecosigmoidostomy and avoidance of carcinoma of the colon. In: Bladder Replacement and Continent Urinary Diversion, King LR, Webster GD, Stone AR (eds). Yearbook Medical Publishers, Philadelphia, 1987, pp. 252–286.Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    McCullough DL, Cook DO, Marshall RB, Hyman J: Adenocarcinoma arising in an ileocecocystoplasty. Southeastern Section American Urological Association Annual Meeting, Boca Raton, FL, unpublished, 1988.Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    Kock NG: American Urological Association Annual Meeting, Boston, MA, unpublished, 1988.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul A. Hatcher
  • George D. Webster

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations