Bovine Heterograft and Umbilical Cord Graft for Arteriovenous Fistulas

  • John L. Hussey
Part of the Topics in Renal Medicine book series (TIRM, volume 8)


In the last half century, hemodialysis has steadily progressed to primary therapy for end-stage renal disease. The significant but still limited success of vascular access procedures can be attributed directly to innovative advances designed to provide a state of chronic vascular usability. However, this goal has been elusive and remains the Achilles heel of the chronic dialysis patient.


Umbilical Cord Vascular Access Human Umbilical Cord Biologic Graft Chronic Dialysis Patient 
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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

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  • John L. Hussey

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