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Malignant Catarrhal Fever and the Gammaherpesvirinae of Bovidae

  • H. W. Reid
  • D. Buxton
Part of the Developments in Veterinary Virology book series (DVVI, volume 9)

Abstract

Malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) is a dramatic, fatal disease affecting many species of bovidae and cervidae, characterised by widespread lymphoproliferation and degenerative changes affecting most tissues. There are several different viruses that can induce MCF but only one, designated alcelaphine herpesvirus-1 (AHV-1), has been partially characterised (1–3). The normal host of this virus is the wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus) in which infection is subclinical (4). However when certain other ruminant species become infected with AHV-1 they develop MCF (5). Where this virus is not the aetiological agent, circumstantial evidence suggests that domestic sheep are the source of infection (6). An increasing body of evidence supports the concept that sheep are infected in a similar way to wildebeest with an antigenically related herpesvirus which can also cause MCF (7, 8). In this review that agent will be referred to as the “sheep-associated” (SA) agent.

Keywords

Domestic Sheep Ruminant Species Malignant Catarrhal Fever Zoological Collection Zoological Park 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. W. Reid
    • 1
  • D. Buxton
    • 1
  1. 1.Moredun Research InstituteEdinburghScotland

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