The Uremic Syndrome: Definition, Diagnosis, Causes of Signs and Symptoms, Complications

  • S. Giovannetti
Part of the Topics in Renal Medicine book series (TIRM, volume 7)


Uremia is a battery of signs and symptoms caused by renal failure. Depending on the nature of the renal failure (acute or chronic), its severity, and its duration, the symptoms of the uremic syndrome may differ greatly in nature and severity, iatrogenic factors (see Chapter 15) and therapy (see Chapters 14 and 15) may largely influence the clinical aspect of uremic patients when compared to untreated ones.


Chronic Renal Failure Uremic Patient Chronic Renal Failure Patient Subtotal Parathyroidectomy Dialytic Procedure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Surtherland DA, McCall S, Jones F, Muirhead EE: (1955) The anemia of uremia: Hemolytic state measured by the radiochromium method (abstr) Am J Med 19:153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Giovannetti S, Barsotti PL, Cioni L: (1963) Spontaneous in vitro autohemolysis in blood from chronic uremic patients. Clin Sci 29:407–416.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ezslev AJ, Hughes JR: (1960) The influence of environment on iron incorporation and miotic division in a suspension of normal bone marrow. Br J Haemol 6:414–432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fisher JW, Ohono Y, Barona J, Martinez M, Rege AB: (1978) Role of erythropoietin and inhibitors of erythropoiesis in anemia of renal insufficiency. Dialysis Transplant. 7:472–481.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jacobson LO, Goldwasser E, Fried W, Plzak L: (1957) Role of the kidney in erythropoiesis. Nature 179:633–634.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Massry SG, Popovitzer MM, Coburn JW, Makoff DL, Maxwell MH, Kleeman CR: (1968) Intractable pruritus as a manifestation of 2° hyperparathyroidism in uremia. Disappearance of itching after subtotal parathyroidectomy. N Engl J Med 279:697–700.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tsaltas TT: (1969) Studies of lipochromes in uremic patients and normal controls. I. The elimination of plasma lipochromes by hemodialysis. Trans Am Soc Artif Intr Organs 15:321–326.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chan JSD, Seidah NG, Chritien M: (1983) Measurement of N-terminal (1–76) of human pro-piomelanocortin in human plasma: Correlation with adrenocorticotropin. J Clin Endocrinol Met 56:791–796.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Giovannetti

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations