Delayed Effects of Proton Irradiation in the Lens and Integument: A Primate Model
In 1964, the NASA Manned Spacecraft Center Biomedical Research Office and the USAF School of Aerospace Medicine inaugurated an experiment in Space Radiation Biology which now is approaching completion. Rhesus monkeys were irradiated “whole body” with X-rays (2 MeV), electrons (1.6 and 2 MeV), and protons of energies ranging from 10–2300 MeV; e.g. Dalrymple and Lindsay (1966), Krupp (1976), and Yochmowitz et al. (1985). Individual animals that received low and intermediate doses have been monitored for over 20 years, and those animals, together with age-matched controls, are known as the Chronic Radiation Colony (CRC).
KeywordsRhesus Monkey Nominal Dose Aerospace Medicine Cumulative Population Doubling Rabbit Tissue
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