Cardiac pump function of the isolated rat heart at two modes of energy deprivation and effect of adrenergic stimulation
The contractile function of the isolated rat heart and high energy phosphate content were evaluated under conditions of depressed energy supply caused by disturbances either in mitochondrial ATP production or ATP-phosphocreatine transformation. Amytal (0.3 mM), an inhibitor of mitochondrial respiration, or iodoacetamide (IAA, 0.1 mM) reducing in this dose creatine kinase activity to 19% of the initial level, were used, respectively. Myocardial ATP content remained unaffected in both groups and PCr content decreased to 37% only in amytal-treated group. Very similar alterations in cardiac pump function during volume load were observed in both treated groups; maximal cardiac output was significantly less by 30%, cardiac pressure-volume work by 38–40%, left ventricular (LV) systolic pressure by 24–29%, and LV +dP/dt by 36–39%. In contrast, the extent of decreased LV distensibility was different, a curve relating LV filling volume and end-diastolic pressure was shifted up and to the left much more prominently after IAA treatment. Heart rate was decreased by 24% only in amytal-treated group. Results indicate that a decreased myocardial distensibility is a dominating feature in the acute cardiac pump failure caused by an inhibition of myocardial creatine kinase. Isoproterenol (0.1 µM) substantially increased heart rate and pressure-rate product in IAA-treated hearts but failed to increase cardiac work probably due to its inability to improve myocardial distensibility.
Key wordsisolated heart pump function distensibility energy supply isoproterenol high energy phosphates
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