Age and Growth of Resource Species

  • Edwin S. Iversen


Estimating ages of fish and shellfish is necessary to determine aspects of their biology that are fundamental to fisheries management. These include growth of individual fish and the biomass of the species, age at maturity, and rates of mortality. Age studies form the basis of our increased knowledge of fluctuations in the strength of year classes, and the abundance that might be caused by predation, adverse weather conditions, and density of populations. Variation of growth rates associated with latitude (temperature) require aging of fish before meaningful relationships can be developed. Methods have been discovered and developed to estimate ages of aquatic organisms, and the literature that has accumulated on the subject during the last 90 years is voluminous.


Modal Group Growth Line Hard Part Fish Scale Penaeid Shrimp 
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Age Estimation of Fish and Shellfish

  1. Everhart, W. H. and W. D. Youngs. 1982. Principles of fishery science. (second edition). Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.Google Scholar
  2. Hurley, G. V., P. H. Odense, R. K. O’Dor and E. G. Dawe. 1985. Strontium labelling for verifying daily growth increments in the satolith of the short-finned squid, Illex illecebrosus. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 42(2):380–383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Jearld, A., Jr. 1983. Age determentation. In Fisheries techniques. L. A. Nielsen and D. L. Johnson. (eds.) 301–324. Am. Fish. Soc. Southern Printing Co., Blacksburg, VA.Google Scholar
  4. Lux. F. E. 1971. Age determination of fishes (Rev.). NOAA/NMFS Fishery Leaflet No. 637. 7 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Prince, E. D. and L. M. Pulos (eds.). 1983. Proceedings of the international workshop on age determination of oceanic pelagic fishes: Tunas, billfishes, and sharks. NOAA Technical Report NMFS 8. 211 pp.Google Scholar
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Growth Determination (Estimation)

  1. Burnham, K. P., D. R. Anderson, G. C. White, C. Rrownie, and K. H. Pollock. 1987. Design and analysis methods for fish survival experiments based on release-recapture. Am. Fish. Soc. Monograph No. 5. Bethesda, MD.Google Scholar
  2. Buckley, L. J. 1979. Relationship between RNA-DNA ratio, prey density and growth rate in Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, larvae. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. 36:1497–1502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Buckley, L. J. 1984. RNA-DNA ratio: An index of larval fish growth in the sea. Mar. Biol. 80:291–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Edwards, R. R. C. 1984. Comparisons of growth in weight of temperate and tropical marine fish counterparts. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 41:1381–1384.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  7. Summerfeit, R. C. 1987. Age and growth of fish. Iowa State University Press, Ames, IA.Google Scholar
  8. Weatherley, A. H. and H. S. Gill. 1987. The biology of fish growth. Academic Press, Orlando, FL.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edwin S. Iversen
    • 1
  1. 1.Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric ScienceUniversity of MiamiMiamiUSA

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