they are attenuated along the line;
the transmission line acts as a low-pass filter, blocking high frequencies;
different frequencies within pulses travel at different rates causing phase distortion of the pulse;
spreading of the pulses, causing them it to interfere with other pulses;
mismatches on the line cause reflections (and thus ‘ghost pulses’).
KeywordsReflection Coefficient Transmission Line Source Line Characteristic Impedance Incident Pulse
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