The evolution of modern power system control and operation is traced back to its historical origins in power system growth, control theory development, and technological innovations in instrumentation, communications, and computer equipment. Economic and reliability considerations led to the growth of interconnections. The resulting complexities required new philosophies of secure operation and energy control center designs. Subsequently, multilevel hierarchical control strategies were considered for practical implementation. In this regard, five key individuals are recognized for their efforts to influence developments in this area.
KeywordsPower System Gross National Product Shock Event Security Assessment Economic Operation
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