Topographical Methods in Electrocardiological Diagnostics

  • P. Kneppo
  • L. I. Titomir
Conference paper


Electrocardiography (ECG), a method for the objective evaluation of the heart state, is a standard diagnostic procedure possibly more frequently used than any other instrumentation method for investigating the heart-vessel system. Standardisation of ECG diagnostics has contributed to the wide spread of the method and to the gathering of enormous clinical experience. However, the accepted standardisation of the method has also brought about negative consequences. These include the impossibility of collecting all the accessible information on the cardiac electrical field when using only a limited number of standard leads, insufficient physical and physiological interpretation of the data, and an orientation towards a formal “electrocardiographic” language relying on the particularities of the registered curves and their empirical and statistical comparison.


Topographical Data Biophysical Method Heart Surface Diagnostic Interpretation Body Surface Potential Mapping 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Kneppo
    • 1
    • 2
  • L. I. Titomir
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Measurement and Measuring Technique, Electro-physical Research CentreSlovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaCzechoslovakia
  2. 2.Institute of Problems of Information TransmissionUSSR Academy of SciencesMoscowUSSR

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