The Use of Blood in the Biological Monitoring of Toxic Metals

  • George Kazantzis
Part of the Rochester Series on Environmental Toxicity book series (RSET)


Biological monitoring of metals is performed to provide information on absorption following exposure and where possible, for an assessment of risk to health. Biological monitoring is of value in population studies to assess exposure and absorption of toxic metals present in the natural environment or resulting from human activity and is widely practiced in the health surveillance of occupationally exposed groups to prevent the occurrence of adverse effects.


Blood Lead Level Mercury Level Biological Monitoring Renal Tubular Dysfunction Blood Cadmium 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Kazantzis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Occupational HealthLondon School of Hygiene and Tropical MedicineLondonEngland

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