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Tobacco Necrosis, Satellite Tobacco Necrosis, and Related Viruses

  • H. Fraenkel-Conrat
Part of the The Viruses book series (VIRS)

Abstract

Necrovirus is a recently coined name for a very small group, presently encompassing only tobacco necrosis virus (TNV) and possibly cucumber necrosis and melon necrotic spot virus. Although TNV was identified very early in the history of plant virology (Smith and Bald, 1935; Pirie et al., 1938; Bawden and Pirie, 1945) and although it has a number of unusual features, this virus has been studied less frequently and in fewer laboratories than most of the long-known viruses. One of the particular aspects of TNV is that it is frequently associated with a satellite, tobacco necrosis satellite virus (TNSV), a very small particle unable to replicate in the absence of TNV (Kassanis and Nixon, 1960, 1961). Another cause for special interest is the mode of its specific transmission by a fungus, Olpidium brassicae (Teakle, 1962; Teakle and Hiruki, 1964). Although TNV can become replicated in many plant species it is not a widespread pathogen and is of little economic importance (Uyemoto, 1981). Its function as a helper for the replication of TNSV, however, makes it of great interest to the scientist concerned with the mode of viral replication.

Keywords

Coat Protein Plant Virus Tobacco Necrosis Virus Satellite Virus Melon Necrotic Spot Virus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Fraenkel-Conrat
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Molecular Biology and Virus LaboratoryUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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