Portable, Intelligent Simulation for ASW Training

  • E. D. McWilliams
  • G. L. Ricard

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, we would like to discuss some Navy-sponsored research and development work in Computer-based Instruction (CBI) where the aim is to add “intelligence” to the CBI, and second, to describe one such system. The military services have to train large numbers of people to perform a wide variety of somewhat specialized jobs, and to this process, they devote considerable resources and personnel. It is little wonder that technical developments that offer to make instruction better or more efficient have generated a great deal of interest.

Keywords

Depression Steam Radar Editing Neomycin 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adams, J.A. (1979). On the evaluation of training devices. “Human Factors,” “21,” 711–720.Google Scholar
  2. Brown, J.S. & Burton, R.R. (1975). Multiple representations of knowledge for tutorial reasoning. In Bobrow, D. & Collins, A. (Eds.), “Representation and understanding: Studies in cognitive science” (pp. 311–349 ). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  3. Buchanan, B.G. & Mitchell, T.M. (1978). Model-directed learning of production rules. In Waterman, D. & Hayes-Roth, F. (Eds.) “Pattern directed inference systems” (pp. 297–312 ). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  4. Burton, R.R. & Brown, J.S. (1979). An investigation of computer coaching for informal learning activities. “International Journal of Man-Machine Studies,” “11,” 5–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Burton, R.R. & Brown, J.S. (1982). An investigation of computer coaching for informal learning activities. In Sleeman, D. & Brown, J.S. (Eds.), “Intelligent tutoring systems” (pp. 79–98 ). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  6. Caro, P.W. (1973). Aircraft simulators and pilot training. “Human Factors,” “15,” 502–509.Google Scholar
  7. Clancey, W.J. (1981). “Methodology for building an intelligent tutoring system” (Tech. Rep. STAN-CS-81–894). Stanford, CA: Stanford University, Department of Computer Science.Google Scholar
  8. Davis, R. (1982). Expert systems: where are we? And where do we go from here? “The AI Magazine” (pp. 3–22 ).Google Scholar
  9. Feigenbaum, E.A. (1977). The art of artificial intelligence: I. Themes and case studies of knowledge engineering. “Proceedings of the Fifth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence” (pp. 1014–1029 ). Pittsburgh, PA: Carnegie-Mellon University, Department of Computer Science.Google Scholar
  10. Feurzeig, W., Ash, W., & Ricard, G.L.(1984). TRIO, an expert system for air intercept training. “In Proceedings of the Sixth Interservice/Industry Training Equipment Conference and Exhibition” (pp. 45–48). Orlando, F1.: Naval Training Equipment Center.Google Scholar
  11. Goldstein, I. & Papert, S. (1977). Artificial intelligence, language, and the study of knowledge. “Cognitive Science,” “1,” 1–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hutchins, E. & McCandless, T. (1982). “MANBOARD: A graphic display program for training relative motion concepts” (Tech. Rep. NPRDC TR 82–10 ).Google Scholar
  13. San Diego: Naval Personnel Research and Development Center.Google Scholar
  14. Hutchins, E., McCandless, T., Woodworth, G., & Dutton, B. (1984). “Maneuvering board training system: Analysis and redesign” (Tech. Rep. NPRDC TR 84–19 ). San Diego: Naval Personnel Research and Development Center.Google Scholar
  15. Kearsley, G. (1983). “Computer-based training.” Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
  16. Kearsley, G., Hunter, B., & Seidel, R.J. (1983 January). Two decades of computer-based instruction projects: What have we learned? Part 1. “T.H. E. Journal,” “10(3),” 90–94.Google Scholar
  17. Kearsley, G., Hunter, B., & Seidel, R.J. (1983, February). Two decades of computer-based instruction projects: What have we learned? Part 2. “T.H. E. Journal,” “10(4),” 90–96.Google Scholar
  18. Kulik, J.A., Bangert, R.L., & Williams, G.W. (1983). Effects of computer-based teaching on secondary school students. “Journal of Educational Psychology,” “75,” 19–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kulik, J.A., Kulik, C.C., & Cohen, P.A. (1980). Effectiveness of computer-based college teaching: A meta-analysis of findings. “Review of Educational Research,” “50,” 525–544.Google Scholar
  20. Lesgold, A.M., Feltovich, P.J., Glaser, R., & Wang, Y. (1981). “The acquisition of perceptual diagnostic skill in radiology” (Tech. Rep. PDS-1). Pittsburgh: Learning Research and Development Center, University of Pittsburgh.Google Scholar
  21. McWilliams, E.D. (1981). “A study of airborn tactical navigation.” Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park.Google Scholar
  22. Meyers, R. (1984). Plato: Historical roots, current applications, and future prospects. “Training Technology Journal,” “1(2),” 26–32.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  23. Montague, W.E. (1984). “Computer-based systems for Navy classroom training” (Tech. Rep. NPRDC TR 85–11 ). San Diego: Naval Personnel Research and Development Center.Google Scholar
  24. Montague, W.E. & Wulfeck, W.H., II (1984). Computer-based instruction: Will it improve instructional quality? “Training Technology Journal,” “1(2),” 4–19.Google Scholar
  25. Orlansky, J. & String, J. (1980). “Cost effectiveness of computer-based instruction in military training” (IDA paper P1375 ). Arlington, VA.: Institute of Defense Analysis.Google Scholar
  26. Pople, H.E., Myers, J.D., and Miller, R.A. (1975). DIALOG, a model of diagnostic logic for internal medicine. “Proceedings of the Fourth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence” (pp. 848–855 ). Los Altos, CA: William Kaufmann.Google Scholar
  27. Romano, S.A. (1978). “Tactical navigation and plot stabilization” (Technical Memo from the S-3A software change review board coordinator). Rockville, MD: Tracor Sciences and Systems.Google Scholar
  28. Sleeman, D. & Brown, J.S. (Eds.) (1982). “Intelligent tutoring system.” New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  29. Tenczar, P. (1981). CAI evolution: Mainframe to micro. In Zimmer, R.P. (Ed.), “Proceedings of the International Conference on Cybernetics and Society” (pp. 443–448 ). New York: Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers.Google Scholar
  30. Williams, M., Hollan, J., & Stevens, A. (1981). An overview of STEAMER: An advanced computer-assisted instruction system for propulsion mengineering. “Behavior Research Methods and Instrumentation,” “13,” 85–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wilson, L. S. (1984). Presenting TICCIT: State-of-the-art computer-based instruction. “Training Technology Journal,” “1(2),” 26–32.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. D. McWilliams
    • 1
  • G. L. Ricard
    • 2
  1. 1.The CRT CorporationRockvilleUSA
  2. 2.Naval Training Equipment CenterOrlandoUSA

Personalised recommendations