Optical Spectroscopy of Color Centers in Ionic Crystal

  • B. Henderson


Color center spectroscopy has played an important role in solid state sience since shortly after World War I. Pohl and his colleages had observed that alkali halide crystals were characteristically colored after exposure to energetic radiation, heating to a high temperature in alkali metal vapor or high temperature electrolysis. In the case of NaCl the color is yellow, whereas KBr is blue. They associated the coloration with the presence of Farbecentrum — or simply F centers. After many man-years of research it became clear that the primary sources of coloration were isolated anion vacancies each of which had trapped a single electron. This simple defect species is now referred to exclusively as the F-center. Today the term color center applies to intrinisic lattice defects in the alkali halides, the alkaline earth halides and oxides and a miscellany of diverse ionic crystals. In this article I discuss some aspects of color center physics which are subsequently important in the development of color center lasers.


Color Center Uniaxial Stress Radiative Lifetime Anion Vacancy Alkali Halide 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Henderson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of StrathclydeGlasgowScotland

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