Arctic Ocean Mysids (Crustacea, Mysidacea): Evolution, Composition, and Distribution

  • V. V. Petryashov


Forty species of mysids belonging to 20 genera, 2 families, and 1 suborder have been described from the Arctic Ocean. These species belong to 5 biogeographic groups. There is a decline in the number of species northward and eastward of the adjacent Atlantic boreal waters (from 27 to 4 or 3 species) and a slight increase in the area of mixing of Arctic and Pacific waters (up to 5 species). Atlantic boreal and amphiboreal species are predominant in the Norwegian Sea, the southwestern part of the Barents Sea, and the Greenland Sea; Pacific boreal species dominate in the Chukchi Sea off the Alaskan coast, and boreal-Arctic and Arctic species dominate in other areas of the Arctic Ocean. Species that belong to different biogeographic groups occur in specific water masses. The distributional patterns of the recent mysid fauna were established at the onset of the Postglacial transgression with the development of present-day water circulation in the Northern Hemisphere.


Arctic Ocean Boreal Species Arctic Species Biogeographic Group Arctic Water Masse 
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© Van Nostrand Reinhold 1989

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