Psychologic Sequelae of Cardiac Valve Implantation
Since the advent of cardiac surgery, there has been an increasing amount of research concerned with the psychological after-effects of these procedures. Numerous studies have examined the clinical features of post-cardiotomy delirium, which occurs in up to one-third of cases, as well as the factors which seem to predispose patients to this complication . Other studies have investigated the adjustment of patients to artificial pacemaker implantation (both transthoracic and trans-venous), which typically results in few long-term psychiatric symptoms . More recent papers have dealt with the psychological aspects of coronary artery bypass grafting, such as the persistent anxiety and depression seen in up to one-third of all patients [3, 4].
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