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Psychologic Sequelae of Cardiac Valve Implantation

  • James G. PedenJr.

Abstract

Since the advent of cardiac surgery, there has been an increasing amount of research concerned with the psychological after-effects of these procedures. Numerous studies have examined the clinical features of post-cardiotomy delirium, which occurs in up to one-third of cases, as well as the factors which seem to predispose patients to this complication [1]. Other studies have investigated the adjustment of patients to artificial pacemaker implantation (both transthoracic and trans-venous), which typically results in few long-term psychiatric symptoms [2]. More recent papers have dealt with the psychological aspects of coronary artery bypass grafting, such as the persistent anxiety and depression seen in up to one-third of all patients [3, 4].

Keywords

Suicidal Ideation Coronary Artery Bypass Mechanical Valve Coronary Artery Surgery Tissue Valve 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    E. Vasquez, W. R. Chitwood, Postcardiotomy delirium: An overview. Int J. Psychiat in Med. 6:373–383 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. W. A. Greene, A. J. Moss, Psychosocial factors in the adjustment of patients with permanently implanted cardiac pacemakers, Ann Intern Med. 70: 897 – 902 (1969).Google Scholar
  3. S. S. Heller, K. A. Frank, D. S. Kornfeld, J. R. Malm, F. O. Bowman, Psychological outcome following open heart surgery. Arch Intern Med. 135: 908 – 914 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    D. Hogan, B. Davies, D. Hunt, G. W. Westlake, and M. Mullerworth, Psychiatric aspects of coronary artery surgery, Med J. Aust. 141:587–590 (1984). Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • James G. PedenJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Medicine and PsychiatryEast Carolina University School of MedicineGreenvilleUSA

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