Sperm Injection into the Perivitelline Space of the Oocyte

  • L. Mettler
  • K. Yamada


Human in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF/ET) (Steptoe and Edwards 1978) provides an approach to the treatment of sterility, designated as andrological, i.e. oligo- and asthenozoospermia or idiopathic causes (Cohen et al., 1985). However, the success rates of pregnancies in these padents generally remained relatively low (Riedel et al., 1985).


Embryo Transfer Fertilization Rate Zona Pellucida Polar Body Acrosome Reaction 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Mettler
    • 1
  • K. Yamada
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Michaelis Midwifery SchoolUniversity of Kiel Michaelisstrasse 16KielGermany

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