Bulk Specimens for SEM and X-Ray Microanalysis

  • Charles E. Lyman
  • Joseph I. Goldstein
  • Alton D. RomigJr.
  • Patrick Echlin
  • David C. Joy
  • Dale E. Newbury
  • David B. Williams
  • John T. Armstrong
  • Charles E. Fiori
  • Eric Lifshin
  • Klaus-Ruediger Peters


The purpose of this laboratory is to prepare samples of metallic, ceramic, polymeric, and biological specimens for examination and analysis in the SEM. The organization is such that under each type of material sample preparations are discussed for surface topography (e.g., fracture surface), microstructural analysis (e.g., phase morphology), and x-ray microanalysis. Special procedures for semiconductor devices, polymers, and biological samples are also considered. The objective is to provide a brief outline and enough general references to enable the reader to produce all of the specimens used in this workbook. The outlined methods should not be considered comprehensive, however, and the reader is strongly urged to consult the references listed. For further discussion, see SEMXM, Chapters 9–12.


Schottky Barrier Passivation Layer Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy Bulk Specimen Raney Nickel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles E. Lyman
    • 1
  • Joseph I. Goldstein
    • 1
  • Alton D. RomigJr.
    • 2
  • Patrick Echlin
    • 3
  • David C. Joy
    • 4
  • Dale E. Newbury
    • 5
  • David B. Williams
    • 1
  • John T. Armstrong
    • 6
  • Charles E. Fiori
    • 5
  • Eric Lifshin
    • 7
  • Klaus-Ruediger Peters
    • 8
  1. 1.Lehigh UniversityBethlehemUSA
  2. 2.Sandia National LaboratoriesAlbuquerqueUSA
  3. 3.University of CambridgeCambridgeEngland
  4. 4.University of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA
  5. 5.National Institute of Standards and TechnologyGaithersburgUSA
  6. 6.California Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA
  7. 7.GE Corporate Research and DevelopmentSchenectadyUSA
  8. 8.The University of Connecticut Health CenterFarmingtonUSA

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