Some Aspects of Metabolic Regulation of Seed Germination and Dormancy

  • Daniel Côme
  • Françoise Corbineau
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 187)

Abstract

Seed germination is subject to a very precise regulation, the complexity of which originates both in the action of various external factors and in characteristics within the seeds themselves. This phenomenon, which leads to the growth of preformed organs of the embryo, can only occur if all environmental components are suitable (water availability, oxygen supply, suitable temperature, and sometimes light). However, many seeds are unable to germinate, or do so with great difficulty, even when placed in the presence of water and oxygen at moderate temperatures. It is precisely in this inability to germinate, commonly known as dormancy, that these seeds display their basic physiological characteristics.

Keywords

Fermentation Respiration Adenosine Nitrite Pyruvate 

Abbreviations

ADH

alcohol dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.1)

ADP

adenosine diphosphate

AMP

adenosine monophosphate

ATP

adenosine triphosphate

FBPase 1

fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase (EC 3.1.3.11)

FBPase 2

fructose 2,6-bisphosphatase (EC 3.1.3.46)

Fru-6-P

fructose 6-phosphate

Fru-1,6-P2

fructose 1,6-bis- phosphate

Fru-2,6-P2

fructose 2,6-bisphosphate

Glu-6-P

glucose 6-phosphate

G6PDH

glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.49)

4-MP

4-me- thylpyrazole

NAD

nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

NADH

nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide reduced

NADP

nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate

NADPH

nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate reduced

Pi

inorganic phosphate

PFK

6-phosphofructokinase (EC 2.7.1.11)

PFK 1

6-phospho- frueto-1-kinase (EC 2.7.1.11)

PFK 2

6-phosphofrueto-2-kinase (EC 2.7.1. 105)

6PGDH

6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.44

PPi

pyrophosphate

PPi~PFK

pyrophosphate:fruetose 6-phosphate 1-phosphotransferase (EC 2.7.1.90)

SHAM

salicylhydroxamic acid

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Côme
    • 1
  • Françoise Corbineau
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Physiologie Végétale AppliquéeUniversité Pierre et Marie CurieParis Cedex 05France
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Physiologie des Organes Végétaux Après RécolteCNRSMeudonFrance

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