Rapid Diagnosis of Viral Infections
Rapid tests for use in the virology laboratory have evolved because of the recognition of serious complications produced by viruses and the availability of antiviral therapy such as acyclovir and gancyclovir to influence the clinical course of the patient. Accordingly, many of these systemic viral infections occur as a result of impaired host immune defense mechanisms. Thus, the importance of the herpesviruses in particular, producing life-threatening disease in organ transplant recipients (kidney, bone marrow, liver, heart, lung, and pancreas) has been recognized for several years. The severe immunosuppression induced in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has amplified the importance of underlying infection with herpesviruses, and hence laboratory diagnosis of these infections in this population.
KeywordsRespiratory Syncytial Virus Herpes Simplex Virus Type Genital Herpes Early Antigen Shell Vial
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