Surface Image Measurements

  • John C. Russ


In the preceding chapters, the assumption has been made in most cases that images are planar. Either they result from viewing a cut section through some opaque body, or they are the projection of objects onto a plane. Most of our experience in the real world is, of course, with neither of these restricted types of images. While still stopping well short of the complexity of real-world images, which contain a variety of surfaces and objects with great depth, it can be important and useful to relax the criterion of planar surfaces somewhat. There are many interesting surfaces that are approximately flat on a large scale, but locally quite rough. Examples range from the surface of integrated circuits, where strips of metallization or photoresist produce surface relief, to skin with its folds and wrinkles, to the surfaces of planets, with such relatively minor irregularities as mountains and oceans.


Fractal Dimension Backscatter Electron Incident Electron Secondary Electron Image Signal Profile 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • John C. Russ
    • 1
  1. 1.North Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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