Self-Diffusion of Poly(Dimethylsiloxane) Chains

  • Leoneio Garrido
  • Jerome L. Ackerman
  • James E. Mark

Abstract

In this review we have described the basic concepts involved in the diffusional behavior of polymers and the NMR technique used to measure diffusion of poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) in melts and in model networks. We have found that the final value calculated for the exponent α in the scaling law D s α M α for diffusion constant D with molecular weight M depends strongly on the fitting procedures used in data analysis. Only for very low molecular weights the exponent is affected by free volume effects. The self-diffusion of PDMS chains in melts obeys the predicted dependence on the molecular weight while their diffusion in PDMS model networks remains unclear, in part because of the short range of M studied. For melts, low molecular weight polymers behave in accordance with the Rouse model while their hydrodynamic behavior for M n ≥ 4200 g-mol¯1 might be explained in terms of the reptation model. The value found for the exponent α is -2.02, in excellent agreement with the theoretical prediction.

Keywords

Attenuation Polyethylene Rubber Oligomer Assure 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leoneio Garrido
    • 1
  • Jerome L. Ackerman
    • 1
  • James E. Mark
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of Radiology, NMR facility Baker-2Massachusetts General Hospital BostonMassachusettsUSA
  2. 2.Dept. of Chemistry and the Polymer Research CenterUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA

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