The Survival of Microorganisms in the Open Air
The deliberate or accidental release of genetically-modified organisms into the environment has been a cause for concern of the environmental lobby and is the subject of two EC Directives (Commission of the European Community 1990a; 1990b). Each of these directives stresses the necessity of performing risk assessments of the likely spread and dissemination of the genetically-modified organisms into the environment. Since one of the methods of both accidental and deliberate dissemination of microorganisms will be to the atmosphere it is important to have some knowledge of how microorganisms will survive in the aerosol state in order to carry out this risk assessment.
KeywordsAccidental Release Realistic Environmental Condition Aerosol State Environmental Lobby Perform Risk Assessment
- Commission of the European Communities (1990a) Directive on the contained use of genetically modified microorganisms. 90/219/EEC, 23.04.90 (OJ L177, 08.05.90). CEC, Brussels.Google Scholar
- Commission of the European Communities (1990b) Directive on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms. 90/220/EEC, 23.04.90 (OJ L177, 08.05.90). CEC, Brussels.Google Scholar