The Survival of Microorganisms in the Open Air

  • A. M. Bennett
  • J. M. Watts
  • J. E. Benbough
Part of the Federation of European Microbiological Societies Symposium Series book series (FEMS, volume 63)

Abstract

The deliberate or accidental release of genetically-modified organisms into the environment has been a cause for concern of the environmental lobby and is the subject of two EC Directives (Commission of the European Community 1990a; 1990b). Each of these directives stresses the necessity of performing risk assessments of the likely spread and dissemination of the genetically-modified organisms into the environment. Since one of the methods of both accidental and deliberate dissemination of microorganisms will be to the atmosphere it is important to have some knowledge of how microorganisms will survive in the aerosol state in order to carry out this risk assessment.

Keywords

Microbe 

References

  1. Commission of the European Communities (1990a) Directive on the contained use of genetically modified microorganisms. 90/219/EEC, 23.04.90 (OJ L177, 08.05.90). CEC, Brussels.Google Scholar
  2. Commission of the European Communities (1990b) Directive on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms. 90/220/EEC, 23.04.90 (OJ L177, 08.05.90). CEC, Brussels.Google Scholar
  3. Druett, H. A. (1969) A mobile form of the Henderson apparatus. Journal of Hygiene 55, 437–448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. May, K. R. and Druett, H. A. (1968) A microthread technique for studying the viability of microbes in a simulated airborne state. Journal of General Microbiology 51, 353–366.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Bennett
    • 1
  • J. M. Watts
    • 1
  • J. E. Benbough
    • 1
  1. 1.Biosafety Unit, Division of Biologics, Public Health Laboratiry ServiceCentre for Applied Microbiology and ResearchSalisburyUK

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