Triterpene and Steroid Saponins Isolated from Two Melilotus Species

  • G. V. Khodakov
  • Yu. A. Akimov
  • A. S. Shashkov
  • P. K. Kintia
  • V. I. Grishkovets
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 405)


Of the eleven species comprising the genus Melilotus, four occur in Crimea. Among these, two species which are commonly grown in Moldovia are plaster clover (Melilotus officinalis L. Pall.) and common sweet clover (M. albus Medik.), the third has the range restricted to the Mediterranean region, M. neapolitanus Tep., and the fourth is an endemic species, M. tauricus (Bieb.) Ser.1,2. The best-studied species in terms of chemical composition are the plaster clover and the common sweet clover. In the aerial parts of these species, substances have been found such as coumarins (coumarin, dihydrocoumarin, dicoumarol)3, acids (0-hydrocinnamic, melilotic, coumarinic, and 0-coumaric)4, coumarin glycosides5, fatty acids, among which linoleic acid predominates6, and flavonoids (quercetin, coumestrol)7, as well as xylan8. Screenings of the Crimean representatives of the Graminoseae family revealed the presence of saponins in various sweet clover species. Evidence on these is limited to estimates of their total content in comparison with that present in other legumes9.


Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Triterpenoid Saponin Steroid Saponin Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Chemical Shift 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. V. Khodakov
    • 1
  • Yu. A. Akimov
    • 1
  • A. S. Shashkov
    • 1
  • P. K. Kintia
    • 1
  • V. I. Grishkovets
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of GeneticsAcademy of ScienceChisinauMoldovia

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