A Comparison of Soil- and Water Chemistry in a Catchment in China with Sites in Poland and Norway
The results from a small catchment outside Guiyang in southwestern China are compared to results from catchments in Poland and Norway. Deposition, soil water, stream water and soils have been sampled and analyzed in all these catchments, using similar techniques.
The sulfur deposition is high in the Chinese catchment, as in some of the Polish catchments. Base cations, especially calcium, is an important part of the cations in deposition in Guiyang; in most of the Polish catchments ammonium is important together with calcium. At the Norwegian sites ions originating from sea salts are very important.
The concentration of monomeric inorganic aluminum complexes (Ali) in soil water is high in the Guiyang catchment, as in the Polish catchments. However, the high calcium concentrations keep the Ali/(Ca2++Mg2+) ratio relatively low in the Guiyang catchment; only in one plot the molar ratio is commonly observed above one, which often is considered as potentially harmful. Surface waters in two of the Polish sites (Ratanica and Brenna) and in the lower part of the Guiyang catchment have high sulfate and calcium concentrations and almost neutral pH. At the Czerniawka catchment in western Poland, and at the Norwegian sites, the pH in surface water is generally low, indicating lack of neutralization of the soil water before it enters the stream.
KeywordsSoil Water Base Cation Acid Deposition Polish Site Vaccinium Myrtillus
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Aune, B., 1993. Air temperature normals, normal period 1961–1990. Report 02/93, The Norwegian Meteorol. Inst., Oslo, Norway.Google Scholar
- Christophersen, N., Vogt, R.D., Neal, C., Anderson, H.A., Ferrier, R.C., Miller, J.D. and Seip, H.M., 1990. Controlling mechanisms for stream water chemistry at the Pristine Ingabekken site in mid-Norway. Water Resour. Res., 26: 59–67.Google Scholar
- Downing, R.J., Hettelingh, J-P., de Smet, P.A.M. (eds.), 1993. Calculation and mapping of critical loads in Europe: Status report 1993. Coordination Center for Effects, National Inst. of Publ. Healt and Environ. Protection (CCE, RIVM), Bilthoven, Netherlands.Google Scholar
- Farrell, E.P., 1995. Atmospheric deposition in maritime environments. Water Air Soil Pollut. In press.Google Scholar
- Iversen T., Halvorsen, N.E., Mylona, S., Sandnes, H., 1991. Calculated budgets for airborne acidifying components in Europe, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1989 and 1990. EMEP reportl/91. The Norwegian Meteorological institute, Oslo.Google Scholar
- Larssen, T., Xiong, J., Vogt, R.D., Seip, H.M., Liao, B. and Zhao, D., 1996. Studies of soils, soil water and stream water at a small catchment near Guiyang, China. In prep.Google Scholar
- Larssen T., 1994. Acid deposition in southwestern China. Thesis, University of Oslo, Dept. of Chemistry, Norway.Google Scholar
- Liao, B., Larssen, T., Seip, H.M. and Vogt, R.D., 1994. Anion adsorption and aluminum release from Chinese soils treated with different concentrations of (NH4)2SO4 and NH4NO3. J. Ecol. Chem., 3: 281–301.Google Scholar
- Liao, B., Seip, H.M. and Larssen, T., 1996. Response of two Chinese forest soils to acidic inputs: Leaching experiment. In prep.Google Scholar
- Overrein L.N., Seip, H.M. and Tollan, A., 1980. Acid precipitation — effects on forest and fish, final report SNSF project, 175 pp., Norw. Inst. for Water Res., Oslo.Google Scholar
- Rodhe, H., 1989. Acidification in a global perspective. Ambio 18: 155–160.Google Scholar
- Reren, V., 1993. Vegetation map of the catchment area of Lake Skjervatjern. Newsletter 2/1993. HUMOR, HUMEX. Schaug, J., Pedersen, U., Skjelmoen, J.E., Arnesen, K., Bartonova, A., 1994. EMEP Data Report 1992. Norwegian Institute of Air Research, Kjeller, NorwayGoogle Scholar
- Seip, H. M., Blakar, A. B., Christophersen, N., Grip, H. and Vogt, R., 1990. Hydrochemical studies in Scandinavian catchments. In Mason, B.J. (ed.) The surface waters acidification programme, Cambridge University Press, pp. 19–29.Google Scholar
- Seip, H.M., Zhao, D., Xiong, J., Zhao, D., Larssen, T., Liao, B. and Vogt, R.D., 1995. Acidic deposition and its effects in southwestern China. Water Air Soil Pollut. In pressGoogle Scholar
- SFT, 1992. Overvåkning av langtransportert forurenset luft og nedbør. (Monitoring of long range transported air and precipitation.) Annual report 1991. Norwegian State Pollution Control Authority, Oslo. Report 507 /92.Google Scholar
- SFT, 1993. Overvåkning av langtransportert forurenset luft og nedbør. (Monitoring of long range transported air and precipitation.) Annual report 1992. Norwegian State Pollution Control Authority, Oslo. Report 533 /93.Google Scholar
- Skotte, G.C., 1995. Virkninger av sur nedbør på jord- og vannkjemi i tre polske nedbørfelter. Thesis, University of Oslo, Dept. of Chemistry, Norway. (in Norwegian, with english abstract)Google Scholar
- Vogt, R.D., Seip, H.M. and Ranneklev, S.B., 1992. Soil and soil water studies at the HUMEX site. Environ. Int., 18: 555–564.Google Scholar
- Vogt, R.D., Godzik, S., Kotowski, M., Niklinska, L., Pawlowski, L., Seip, H.M., Sienkiewicz, J., Skotte, G., Staszewski, T., Szarek, G., Tyszka, J. and Aagaard, P., 1994a. Soil soil water and stream water chemistry at some Polish sites with varying acid deposition. J. Ecol. Chem., 3: 325–356.Google Scholar
- Xiong, Jiling, 1995. Personal communication. Guizhou Inst. of Environ. Sci., 148 Xinhua rd., Guiyang, China.Google Scholar