• Cees-Jan van Westen
  • Reinier Jan Scheele
Part of the Nato · Challenges of Modern Society book series (NATS, volume 20)


In the twentieth century industrialization significantly added to the advantages of coastal areas for the location of human activities. This resulted in a concentration of human activities and urbanization of coastal areas. In the last decades development in these areas has intensified as a result of the boom of the tourist industry. These growing demands on coastal resources place serious threats for coastal areas as evidenced by a progressive deterioration of the coastal environment (Coccossis, 1985, p.21).


Shipping Dock 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cees-Jan van Westen
    • 1
  • Reinier Jan Scheele
    • 2
  1. 1.Ministry of Transport, Public Works, and Water ManagementDelftThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Utrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands

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